(Weekly Organ of the Communist Party of India (Marxist)
November 17, 2013
CPI(M) Note to GoM on Telangana
CPI(M) Andhra Pradesh state secretary B V Raghavulu and its MLA, J Ranga Reddy met with the Group of Ministers (GoM) formed for the bifurcation of the state of Andhra Pradesh and formation of new state of Telangana.
this meeting held in North Block,
Below we give full text of the note submitted to the GoM:
THE opinion of the Communist Party of India (Marxist) that the state should remain united was informed to you through our letter dated November 3, 2013. We again reiterate about the necessity of keeping the state united.
The severe inequalities in growth between different regions and districts, and between different social classes would not go away by just keeping the state united. In fact, the present pursuit of market-driven policies is resulting in the intensification of these inequalities. Similarly, these inequalities and uneven growth would not vanish on its own by just bifurcating the state. In fact, post -division these may actually intensify and lead to newer forms of regionalism.
Therefore, irrespective of the state being united or divided, there is immediate need to take steps to develop the backward regions and districts. Since the GoM has sought opinion on this aspect also, we bring to your notice the following suggestions.
(1) The centre should help the state in terms of financial assistance and assured water allocations to ensure the completion of projects in drought-prone, backward regions.
centre should help financially to complete the following
(useful for Kurnool-Anantapur districts), Galeru-Nagari (for
districts), Kalwakurthy and Nettampadu (for Mahbubnagar)
was not done to Andhra Pradesh in allotting reasonable amount
assured water from
C) The centre should bear the entire cost of Pranahita-Chevella project.
should help financially to complete the ongoing Thotapalli,
of education is nothing but
neglect of backward regions and the weaker sections of the
society and throwing
them further back. Literacy in the state is 67.7 per cent,
behind the all
units), the rate of literacy is below that of the state
average. Most of these
Mandals are predominantly in backward regions and backward
especially in Srikakulam, Vijayanagaram, Vishakhapatnam,
A) Therefore, at least two residential schools must be started in every such Mandal and quality education be provided to at least one child in every poor and middle class household. The government should identify areas that are backward in terms of access to education from primary to higher education levels. It should then set up educational complexes for professional, vocational and general education in clusters of Mandals in these areas and admit students from families in those areas.
central institutes of
education, health and research are concentrated in and around
(3) One of the main reasons for the backwardness of certain regions is the lack of development of the SC and STs whose strength is significant in those areas. Even the disparities among dalits and tribals is a result of the backwardness of their residential regions.
A) There are 108 Mandals in scheduled areas that have a large tribal population. These Mandals are backward in every aspect. The educational complexes must be built in tribal majority Agency areas like Paderu, Kurupam, Rampachodavaram, Bhadrachalam, Eturunagaram, Utnoor and Asifabad.
B) Similarly, in the plain area also, there are some pockets of tribal concentration in various districts. To cater to this tribal people education complexes must built in Devarakonda, Dornakal, Achampeta, Sullurupeta etc,.
caste discrimination is rampant in those Mandals that are
educationally backward. (Justice Punnaiah Commission
identified these mandals)
Mandals in the western areas of the state bordering Karnataka
Therefore, special residential schools must be opened additionally in these mandals for children of dalits, tribals and nomadic artisans.
minorities, are backward in all sectors. They constitute 9.17
per cent in the
state and their spread across regions is: Telangana (12.43 per
Rayalaseema (12.5 per cent) and Coastal Andhra (4.5 per cent).
Most of the minority educational institutes, at present, are not being useful to minorities in any manner. Educational complexes to impart modern education must be set up in all towns that have predominant Muslim population.
economic development is concentrated in and around
should take steps to develop growth complexes comprising
education and health sectors in suitable areas in
B) Priority is to be given to the state in allotting the gas and coal produced in Andhra Pradesh. The central government should revise its policy immediately in this regard.
C) The central government should give the necessary incentives and help in building the ports proposed on the state’s sea coast.
(6) Backwardness is a multi-dimensional problem and solutions to it must also be multi-pronged. Steps must be taken to tackle some issues at regional, some at district level and some others at mandal level also.