(Weekly Organ of the Communist Party of India (Marxist)
August 04 , 2013
member of the Polit Bureau of the CPI (M) and MP Rajya Sabha,
centenary celebrations of the Ghadar Party on July 13 at the
historic site of
Yugantar Ashram in
originally set up at
The event to celebrate the centenary of the Ghadar Party, was organised by the Ghadar Memorial Foundation of America in the form of a seminar attended by academics, historians, students and political leaders upholding the legacy of the Ghadar movement.
Historian Dr Harish Puri in his presentation entitled “Ghadar Movement a New Consciousness and Sensibility” encapsulated the history of the Ghadar movement. Dr Puri added a new dimension of distinct sensibility and a new political culture to the well documented elements of the Ghadar Party; from their initial belief in armed struggle to achieve freedom, democracy, secularism and a new society based on equality.
According to the American historian Herald Gold, the formation of the Ghadar movement was an improbable conjuncture of three sections coming together to provide the unique fabric on whom the tapestry of the Ghadar movement was embroidered. This was the explosive revolutionary mix of extradited national patriots, peasants/workers and students. In recalling the words of Baba Sohan Singh Bhakna, the founding President of the Ghadar Party “people joining our Party became human beings of a higher order, they rose above all types of sectarianism, their thought process became broad, secular and progressive.”
Shaheed-e-azam Bhagat Singh who held Shaheed Kartar Singh Sarabha ( the editor of the Punjabi edition of Ghadar published from Yugantar Ashram in San Fransisco, hanged at the tender age of 19 years) in the highest esteem, as his role model. In 1928, Bhagat Singh asked the young comrades of Naujwan Bharat Sabha to write articles on the martyrs of the Ghadar movement. 28 such articles were published in a special martyrs issue which provided the poetical accolade in recognition of these brave, courageous human beings “ho frishtei bhi fidha jin pe, yeh voh insaan hain” which means , even the angels are envious of these human beings.
the role of the Ghadar Memorial Foundation of America led by
Charan Singh Judge and his colleagues in organising this
to formally record the monumental historic contribution of the
In this regard the role of Sitaram Yechury, Rajya Sabha MP was
being the conduit for moving the Indian government. This led
to Dr Manmohan
Singh the prime minister of
A number of young local students provided anecdotes in the form of essay recitals on the lives of the leaders of the Ghadar Party.
Sitaram Yechury, as chief guest then delivered the keynote speech tracing the formation of the Ghadar Party, its impact on the national independence movement and the future development of society, a brave new world based on freedom, democracy, equality and secularism.
sentiments expressed by Dr Puri and reminded the audience of
the call for total
independence given by the Ghadar Party years ahead of the
The effect of Kartar Singh Sarabha’s martyrdom on Bhagat Singh
comrades, in changing the name of the Hindustan Republican
Army to Hindustan
Socialist Republican Army and carrying the image of the young
Ghaderite to the
gallows. Just like Kartar Singh Sarabha hanged for seeking
aspirations of the Gadherites and Bhagat Singh and his
followers for a new
society free from exploitation, freedom for all on an equal
basis, a democratic
Yechury called for people, the diasporas and citizens of India to unite to build a better India, a secular democratic India, to protect freedom, sovereignty of the rights of our people to education, employment, health, pensions, the rights of women and youth, social and economic equality, as a lasting tribute to the legacy of the Ghadari Baba’s.
inspirational struggles of the Ghadarites against racism and
the Komagata Maru episode, Yechury said that need for struggle
valid today as exemplified by the discriminatory nature of
proposed changes to
the British visa system.
Vice Chancellor of Punjab University,
A number of
proclamations by the state of Oregon USA in recognition of
these heroes of the
Ghadar movement was distributed and the resolution H. Res 259
being moved in
the 113th Congress of the House of Representative, was
presented in the
historic surroundings of Yugantar Ashram. The government of
Bains, the national
general secretary of the Indian Workers’ Association from
followed by a meeting organised by Charan Singh Judge just