(Weekly Organ of the Communist Party of India (Marxist)
August 04 , 2013
AFTER years of prevarication, the Congress party’s working committee has adopted a unanimous resolution that the state of Telangana, carved out from the present state of Andhra Pradesh, will be soon established in the coming months. There are, however, various steps which need to be taken in order to translate this decision into a reality.
Once the union
cabinet approves this
decision to form a separate state of
Telangana, the central government will seek resolutions for
the creation of a
new state from the current Andhra Pradesh legislative assembly
legislative council separately.
The Congress party's prevarication on the issue of separate state of Telangana is nothing new. More than four decades ago (from 1968 onwards) after a violent agitation that saw large-scale loss of property with over 300 lives lost in police firing, an agreement was reached for ensuring the development of the Telangana region and eliminating its relative economic backwardness. In 1973, the then Congress government at the Centre introduced the 32nd amendment to the constitution which come into force in 1974. The constitution was amended by adding Article 371 D, "Special provisions with respect to the state of Andhra Pradesh" which, amongst others, provided that the president "may by order.....provide .....for equitable opportunities and facilities for the people belonging to different parts of the state, in the matter of public employment and in the matter of education, and different provisions may be made for various parts of the state".
The history of the last four decades is witness to the fact that all promises and assurances made to the people of Telangana to eliminate their relative backwardness were, by and large, betrayed. It is the Congress party, leading the governments both at the centre and in the state, for long periods during these four decades that is primarily responsible for not redeeming the assurances made to the people.
However, another step that may be required to be taken to pave the way for the formation of the state of Telangana would be to repeal Article 371 D from the Indian constitution as this would become infructuous. A constitutional amendment to this effect may have to be adopted by the parliament before the state of Telangana could be legally formed.
people fired the
first salvo, after
independence, for a linguistic reorganisation of the states. The martyrdom of
Potti Sriramulu, galvanised
the movement for Vishalandhra. This soon found a reverberation
in the movements
of Aikya Kerala and Samyukta Maharashtra.
It was the strength of these massive popular struggles
led to the linguistic reorganisation of the
The mishandling of
the situation by
both the central government and the state governments led by
the Congress party
in various states of the country has now given rise to a large number of
demands from various
parts of the country for the formation of separate states. Soon after this
announcement of the Congress
Working Committee decision on Telangana, a three day bandh
call has been given
Therefore, while the current process for the formation of the state of Telangana is on, it is of utmost necessity that people must maintain peace and tranquility and shun the proclivity to succumb to provocation. At the same time, it is the responsibility of the central and the state governments headed by the Congress party to maintain peace and normalcy.
(July 31, 2013)