(Weekly Organ of the Communist Party of India (Marxist)
March 04, 2012
as Jyoti Basu
It will be noted that Motihari is the headquarters of Champaran East district, in the area where indigo peasants had staged a revolt against the inhuman oppression of indigo planters during the British Raj. At one stage, Mahatma Gandhi too joined the movement of the Champaran peasantry whose echoes were heard all over the country. After the country’s independence, the area saw several big struggles of peasants and agricultural workers under communist leadership, and various historians and researchers have taken note of these struggles.
The conference started with CPI(M) Polit Bureau member S Ramachandran Pillai hoisting the Red Flag at the venue, followed by floral tributes at the martyrs column.
with a huge open rally in the sprawling Town Hall ground, presided over
Ramashray Singh, former MLA and member of the CPI(M) state secretariat.
resolution adopted by the rally, with loud applause, sharply condemned
central government and particularly its human resources development
Kapil Sibal, for deliberately obstructing the opening of the proposed
historic peasant movement of Champaran, CPI(M) state secretary
sharply attacked the Nitish Kumar government of the JD(U)-BJP combine
pursuing the neo-liberal policies and whose assurances of providing
and pro-people governance have proved to be fraudulent. Out of the six
life of this government, four saw negative growth in agriculture. While
government talks eloquent of a Green Revolution in
Veteran party leader Ganesh Shankar Vidyarthi and Umakant Shukla also addressed the open session.
CPI(M) Central Secretariat member Hannan Mollah, among other things, castigated the Nitish government’s failure in curbing the crime wave in the state, in particular the spate of atrocities against women, dalits, minorities, small peasants and agricultural workers.
speaker at the
open session was S Ramachandran Pillai who detailed the harmful
policies of the UPA government, its failure to enact an effective
while corruption is rampant under this government, and its retrograde
policy which is aimed at making
Following the open session, the inaugural session took place on January 29 evening, with the election of Ganesh Shankar Vidyarthi, Sarangdhar Paswan, Umakant Shukla, Manoj Kumar Gupta and Ahmed Ali to the presidium. The conference paid homage to late Comrades Jyoti Basu, Harkishan Singh Surjeet, M K Pandhe, E Balanandan, P Ramachandran, Ahilya Rangnekar, R W Varadarajan, Pappa Umanath and Prabhakar Sanzgiri, to other leaders of the communist and democratic movements in India and abroad, and to Comrades Virendra Singh, Yogendra Shah, Ram Pukar Chaurasia, Surendra Yadav, Ram Badan Singh, Ram Udgar Yadav, Aazim, Ram Prakash Sah and Haroon who were killed by either the Maoists or by landlords’ criminal henchmen after the last CPI(M) state conference.
The conference also paid homage to historians R S Sharma and Kaushal Kishore Sharma, archaeologist Dr Surajbhan, artist Maqbool Fida Hussain, theatre artist Habib Tanwir, singer Bhupen Hazarika, DR Chandrabali Singh, Harish Bhadani, K P Singh, Markandeya, Kamala Sankrityayan, and other progressive intellectuals who departed in this period.
by reception committee chairman Ramashray Singh, S R Pillai inaugurated
conference, detailing how the CPI(M) is distinct from bourgeois
parties and how it follows a democratic style of functioning from top
The CPI(M)’s strategic goal is to effect a people’s democratic
Explain the national and international developments since the 19th party congress in 2008, Pillai outlined the tasks at hand and the corrective steps needed to overcome our weakness and move forward.
organisational report presented by the CPI(M) state secretary took note
of the concrete
The report said the JD(U)-BJP has strengthened its position in the state since our last state conference. But the BJP has gained more and the number of its MLAs has gone up from 55 to 91. This is a matter of concern for the Left and secular forces. The RJD, LJP and Congress have also lost ground because of their anti-people policies and opportunistic moves. The Left has also weakened. But despite its tall talks and media management, the Nitish government has failed to bring any worthwhile positive change in the life of the people. Maladministration, lack of development, corruption and atrocities against women and weaker sections continued at the ground level. Attacks on political opponents have multiplied in the JD(U)-BJP rule, and so has the chain of murder of CPI(M) cadres in the recent months.
figures to highlight the miserable economic plight of
The plight of
mass is worsening. The proportion of peasants in
The situation regarding power, water and fertilisers is also disappointing. Money coming for schemes like MGNREGA and Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan are not being spent fully because of financial mismanagement, causing the state losses of Rs 11,000-12,000 crore every year. The CAG held the state government guilty of financial irregularities involving Rs 28,000 crore.
Crime Records Bureau,
The government has admitted there has been a fall in the industrial production. Power crisis has reached unprecedented proportions. National and state highways account for 5 per cent of all roads in the state. Money on these highways is spent through contractors and capitalists. The remaining 95 per cent roads are in a bad shape.
Mass discontent against feudal dominance and rampant corruption has multiplied in the period under review. However, attacks against the CPI(M) and other Left parties have also increased, as was evident from the murder of Comrade Surendra Yadav only a few days before the state conference took place. But the people are also putting up resistance. At Bajitpur (Begusarai), the feudals had had to retreat. Though it is extremely difficult, the situation offers scope to forge class struggle ahead. Independent activity and party building is also possible.
the state committee had identified major strengths and weaknesses.
unity of idea in the party; team work has also increased. The party
success in forging Left unity. There were joint struggles and campaigns
issues. Issues facing women, dalits and minorities were raised and
interventions made. The party has got a new building for state
But weaknesses persist regarding branch functioning, party membership recruitment and renewal, work on mass fronts, committee functioning, collective decision making and individual responsibility, recruitment and deployment of wholetimers, fall in the membership f some mass organisations, etc. the secretary’s report identified the tasks to be discharged in order to overcome these weaknesses. The process of rectification too needs to be taken down to the district and lower levels, so that members are enabled to withstand and fight the alien influences coming in the wake of the neo-liberal policy regime.
The report was subjected to discussion by as many as 68 delegates, who made concrete suggestions to enrich it. These criticisms, amendments and suggestions well reflected the delegates’ anxiety to see the party developing in the state. The delegates session adopted the report after the state secretary replied to the discussion, assuring incorporation of some of the amendments and suggestions.
Opening of a central university at Motihari without further delay, minority issues, failure of the Nitish government, atrocities against women and dalits, reopening of the Bihar sugar mills lying closed, and proposed February 28 strike were the topics of some of the conference resolutions.
Shah Zafar Imam presented the credentials committee report which the delegates unanimously adopted. According to the report, 313 men and 16 women attended the conference. The occupational background of the delegates is – worker:1; agricultural workers: 29; peasants: 100; services: 37; business: 30; others: 125. Social background – Scheduled castes and tribes: 28; Muslims & other minorities: 12
The committee elected a 50-member state committee which, in turn, re-elected Vijaykant Thkur as state secretary. The conference also elected a three-member control commission, and 18 delegates for the coming party congress.
Hannan Mollah delivered the valedictory address.