People's Democracy

(Weekly Organ of the Communist Party of India (Marxist)


No. 08

February 19, 2012





Work With Full Vigour towards Forming the Seventh Left Front Government


Haripada Das



THE twentieth state conference of the CPI(M) in Tripura  ended with a determined vow towards formation of the Left Front  government for the seventh term and gave a clarion call to the Party workers, sympathisers and the people of the state to lay fullest thrust from now on for the next assembly elections, an important political struggle scheduled to be held in the beginning of the next year. The conference also emphasised on the consolidation of the achievements gained so far, both, in Party organisation as well as administrative fields and carrying those forward for bigger successes.


The conference was held on  January 29 - February 1, 2012 at Baidyanath Majumder Nagar (Agartala Town Hall), named after a stalwart Communist leader and former Party state secretary, late Baidyanath Majumder. The conference was formally commenced with the hoisting of red flag by Party general secretary Prakash Karat and attended by many Party leaders and delegates including nonagenarian freedom fighter Chitta Chanda, Polit Bureau member Manik Sarkar and state secretary Bijan Dhar. After garlanding the martyrs’ column, a condolence in reminiscence of the martyrs was read out by Kishna Rakshit. Since the 19th state conference, the condolence read, 34 valuable comrades were lost. One minute silence was observed in honour of the martyrs.


After a mammoth rally at Stable Ground, Agartala, the first session of the conference started in the evening. A presidium comprising Anil Sarkar, Bajuban Reang, Khagen Das, Rama Das and Faizur Rahaman was formed. Rest of the state secretariat members formed the steering committee. Among the guests, Prakash Karat, Sitaram Yechury, Brinda Karat, CPI(M) Polit Bureau members and Central Committee member Noorul Huda were also seated on the dais.


Heartily congratulating the delegates on behalf of the Central Committee, Prakash Karat in his opening speech briefly explained the salient points of the just published draft political resolution for the forthcoming Party Congress. He said, Capitalism is deeply sunk into its inherent crisis. The salvation measures had only broadened the dimension of the crisis including fiscal position of the respective governments followed by the austerity measures, seriously affecting the social and service sectors. This led to innumerable job losses, price hike, poverty, hunger and inequality etc. There is a rise in the protest movements of millions of people in almost every advanced capitalist country. But in most cases, except in Greece and Portugal etc., there is no alternative political direction. Capitalism cannot be eliminated due its own crisis or only through bigger protest movements, unless there is a sustainable alternative political direction, i.e., the Left alternative, this cannot be achieved, Karat said.


Explaining the desperate bid of the US imperialism to carry on their aggression in Afghanistan, Iraq and in Libya, and targeting for next invasion on Iran and Syria, Karat said, this military might is being exercised to come out of its own crisis through acquiring the oil fields of Arab countries, by planting their puppet governments.


Coming to the national situation Karat said, the neo liberal policies pursued by the UPA 2 government has resulted in rampant corruption that drains out abnormally huge amount of public funds on the one hand and paves way for the corrupt corporate leaders to enter the political arena and thereby the entire electoral system is infected with black money and muscle power. This will result in deterioration of the condition of the working people, curtailment of trade union and democratic rights, and democracy would be reduced to a farce. To stall this process, Karat emphasised on building up independent struggles, making the Party stronger even in the states where it is weak now,  to forge issue-based joint movements with other organisations and likeminded parties. The countrywide general strike called on February 28 by the national trade unions is a similar endeavour, Karat said.


Regarding the upcoming elections to Tripura legislative assembly, Karat mentioned, the achievements of Tripura Left Front government are unparalleled for which the entire Party is proud of. So, it is impractical that the impact of our defeat in West Bengal and Kerala would have any negative effect here. But still it is a great challenge, because, Tripura being a lone pillar in the fight against the strategic alliance with the US imperialism, against anti-people neo-liberal policies of the UPA 2 government, it is unpredictable to what extent our opponents can stoop to dislodge this popular government, Karat alerted and hoped that the vibrant people of the state would foil all machinations and the state will emerge as a guiding force showing the real alternative to the capitalism.




While presenting the political-organisational report to the conference, state secretary Bijan Dhar briefly narrated the trends of changes that have taken place since the 19th conference in the socio-economic conditions of the people of the state which certainly had the effects of the neo-liberal policies pursued by the central government. He also mentioned the role of the opposition parties. While INPT is trying to re-activate the withered extremist groups against the Party and the Left Front government, the Congress Party has resorted to set a lawlessness and autocracy to stall all developmental works and progress. In spite of that, the track record of the performance of Left Front government in various basic parameters is shining above all other states, he asserted.


A considerable section of the people including tribals has a good earning due to rubber plantation, serving in middle-east. A section of youth are engaged in various corporate offices inside and outside the state. The emergence of a new middleclass has manifested the change in the traditional socio-economic relations, religious faith and also the political belief. Even the traditional family relations could not be maintained. Domestic violence particularly the incidents of killing of bride and torture of women are a matter of concern in the state.  We must address these problems with a Marxist point of view, Bijan Dhar said.


Though a tiny state, the corporate lobby has seen the state very fertile for opening their cheating business. Various non-banking micro-finance companies started business in the state. They do not require even the permission of the state government to open business in the state. They are alluring people with staggeringly high rates of interest. A section of newly solvent people fall prey to their machinations. The responsibility rests on us to guide this newly emerged middleclass in right path, the report says.


The report briefly narrated the impact of the liberalisation policies in agricultural sector. Like other states, though there is a concern for getting remunerative prices for agricultural produce, still there is no case of farmer’s suicide in the state. The report emphasised on bigger movement demanding procurement of paddy from the state by the FCI.


Mentioning the growth of the Party during the preceding four years, Bijan Dhar said, in the state having about 36.7 lakh people, a Party of 77,000 members is certainly a big party. To say otherwise, according to the final electoral rolls published on January 5, 2012, among every 29 adult persons in the state, we have one Party member.   This positive aspect places a greater responsibility on the Party to make all of them ideologically sound, politically conscious and organisationally disciplined. We must carry on this drive for qualitative upgradation of the Party members, Bijan Dhar urged and exhorted that we must take utmost care in recruiting auxiliary unit members from the basic classes of workers, dalits, landless, jhumias, women and minorities etc.


A strong social barricade should be built up against the social evils, like dowry system, child marriage, untouchability, torture and killing of women, female foeticide and other superstitions etc, Bijan Dhar emphasised.   


Describing briefly the Party’s performance in several elections held after the 19th conference, Bijan Dhar informed, Left Front polled ranging from 55 per cent to 63 per cent votes in  Lok Sabha, ADC, panchayat, nagar panchayat and village committee elections. These is no doubt, these are big electoral achievements. Still we have some drawbacks and loopholes which have to be rectified. While consolidating the gains, he emphasised, we must reach out to those who are still on the wrong side and mobilise them in the next battle of 2013 assembly elections.




A total of 69 delegates out of 508 participated in the discussionS on the political-organisational report placed by the secretary. The issues highlighted in the discussions were: imperialist globalisation, its effect on people’s livelihood, strengthening anti-imperialist movement, qualitative upgradation of the Party workers, and frustrating all conspiracies in the upcoming political battle of assembly elections in the state. The delegates also suggested that though extremists at present are on the back foot, we must not sit idle. Rather we must carry on the campaign explaining the destruction they had caused to the state through their barbaric attacks for decades. Rina Debbarma informed that the opposition is trying to polarise the people on religious lines. A section of Muslim fundamentalists are working in some pockets of the Muslim belt to mislead the people. Youth comrades informed the need to expose the real face of a section of media who are doing politics in the name of de-politicisation of youth. Some delegates demanded proper demarcation of lands that have been allotted to the beneficiaries under FRA, rehabilitation of the families displaced for construction of barbed wire fencing along the border, proper action against the cheating micro-finance fund companies, measures for boosting up the SHGs working in the state etc. Some members highlighted the danger of ‘identity politics’ which may divert the mainstream class struggle to take a wrong approach.


In the first session on January 30, Sitaram Yechury, Polit Bureau member briefly explained the draft ideological document which will be finalised in the 20th Party Congress. Sitaram said the so called rescue measures to save the capitalism through pumping State funds, has further deepened the crisis that has resulted in drastic curtailment in social sector spending and peoples upsurge in most of the advanced capitalist countries. Globalisation and rampant aggression in the Arab countries is a new feature of the imperialists to shift their own crisis to the third-world developing countries. With the ruling party of our country being a party to the US strategic alliance and globalisation, the country might not be free from its blaze. So there is a deeper crisis in agricultural sector, industrial sector, unorganised sector. Still the capitalism does not perish on its own. It must be struck down.  In our country, while there is only 7 per cent organised labour, vast labour force lies in the unorganised sector. We have to draw them into our organisation. The capitalist exploitation in India has two edges i.e. financial exploitation and social suppression. We have to build up class struggle defeating all the alien trends like ‘identity politics’, caste, creed, gender, religion, sectarianism and communalism etc. which are detrimental to class unity and secularism, Sitaram said.


Elaborating the ideological challenges that the Party faced since its inception, Sitaram said, Indian revolution will be in the Indian way. The CPI(M) will work for accomplishing Peoples Democratic Revolution in the country, combining the struggles of the vast masses, he asserted.


In the concluding session on February 1, Brinda Karat greeted the conference and informed that while being in the parliament she had to deal with various committees and departments who would review the performance of the states in various parameters. While they were reporting that the performance of Tripura Left Front  government, especially in NREGA, FRA, protecting the rights of tribals and women, and in social sector, is far ahead of other states, we felt proud of the Left Front  government and the Party here. In many aspects, Tripura may the guiding force in formulating our policies, she said and hoped that like in all the recent elections, Tripura would keep up its victory in the next assembly elections which will inspire the entire Party in the coming days.

Speaking in reply to some of the administrative issues raised by the delegates, Polit Bureau member and chief minister Manik Sarkar said, most of the delegates rightly expressed their consciousness and importance of the next assembly elections. Certainly it would not be a cake walk. The middleclass, both among tribals and nontribals, has grown in the state. Also a section of people became very much solvent, thanks to the performance of the Left Front government. There might be a contradiction between their interests and our policies. But it would be wrong to think that they belong to our enemy camp. Their vacillation should be removed through persuasion, Manik Sarkar suggested. The tribals are our traditionally strong base. But the base requires to be refurbished because of the emergence of sections like neo rich and intelligentsia. At the same time, we should take utmost care to ensure our closest ties with our basic classes i.e. workers, agricultural workers, marginal farmers, wage labourers, jhumias etc. He alerted about the damaging activities of some fundamentalists among the Muslim population. In addition to the deprivation of the state of its due by  the 13th Finance Commission recommendations, Manik Sarkar said, central government is imposing adverse conditions for releasing funds. In spite of that, not a single anti-people decision was ever taken by the Left Front government. The opposition may resort to malicious character assassination and misleading campaign. All these must be refuted factually. We have limitations in fund, materials and media etc., which may be compensated through close contact with the people, who are the supreme power, Manik Sarkar  concluded.


Appreciating the discussions of the delegates enriching the political-organisational report and strengthening the organisation, Bijan Dhar said, it is the rule of the capitalism that a small section flourishes and the rest of the vast masses dwindle. It is immaterial who belongs to which class. We must be conscious that we belong to the working class. Our principle aim is to serve the interests of the workers, peasants, agricultural labourers, students, youth, women etc.


Explaining the adverse impacts of the neo-liberal policies in many trades, Bijan Dhar said, our prime task is to draw the poor into the organisational fold. Regarding qualitative upgradation of the Party workers, Bijan Dhar said, study of Marxism is certainly good. But that is not the only quality to be a good communist. A good communist must have the capacity to assess certain situation from the Marxist point of view and have the ability to move accordingly. Without practice, good theory is of no use, he concluded.




A total of 13 resolutions including condolence resolution were adopted in the conference. Those include i) demanding one-third reservation for the women in parliament and assemblies ii) against imperialist aggression, iii) in favour of strengthening peace, amity and environment conducive to implement development works in the state, iv) against deprivation of the state of its due by the 13th Finance Commission, v) against price rise of essential commodities, petrol price hike and demanding food security and universal rationing system, vi)  against corruption in higher administrative levels and demanding effective Lok Pal bill, vii) against disinvestment, privatisation and inviting FDI in retail trade, viii) call to make February 28 countrywide general strike a grand success, ix) against the anti-peasant policies of the central government, x) against semi-fascist terror let loose by the TMC-Congress alliance in West Bengal, xi) for infrastructure development in the state and xii) a call for political-organisational preparedness for the next assembly elections.


The convener of credential committee, Radhacharan Debbarma, presented the credential report to the conference. The report says, out of 512 delegates, 508 including 68 women attended the conference. Only four state committee members could not attend due to advanced age and ailments. While Chitta Chanda (93) was the oldest delegate, Nilanjana (28) was the youngest. In respect to position held in the Party, the delegates comprised Polit Bureau member -1, Central Committee members - 6, state committee members -72, district committee members - 379, local committee members - 43 and branch members - 7.  The class composition of the delegates was as follows: workers-25, agricultural labourers -12, Jhumia - 35, poor peasants -146, middle peasants -104, rich peasants -15, zamindar-1, non-farm landowners -5, traders -4, middle class -161. Social composition of the delegates shows: SCs - 61, STs -120, OBCs - 90, general - 237. As regards elected representatives, the delegates comprised MPs-3, MLAs-44, ADC members-14, ADC executive members -9, municipal council members -7, nagar panchayat members -18, zilla parishad members -21, panchayat samity members -21,  BACs-3, gram panchayat members -6, village committee members -17, members of boards and corporation -16. A total of 42 delegates were imprisoned on political grounds. The credit of highest number of days of imprisonment goes to Subal Rudra, state committee member.


On behalf of the outgoing state committee, Bijan Dhar proposed the names of Jyotish Saha, Rupa Ganguli and Salil Krishna Debbarman as the new State Control Commission which was passed in the conference unopposed. The Control Commission after a short meeting declared that Jyotish Saha has been elected as the chairman of the commission.  




In the later part of the last session, an 83-member state committee including three new members was elected unanimously. The state committee immediately met on the dais of the conference and declared amid high applause, a 14-member state secretariat with Rama Das as the new entrant and Bijan Dhar as secretary re-elected.


Gautam Das, convenor of the preparatory committee thanked all concerned for extending cooperation in the form of cash, kind and support for successfully completing the conference.


On behalf of the presidium, Anil Sarkar said, this is the liveliest conference he had ever attended. Tripura was one of the front-runners in the struggle for establishing an exploitation-free society and shall be so in future, Anil Sarkar proclaimed.


The conference ended with the rendering of the Internationale.