(Weekly Organ of the Communist Party of India (Marxist)
December 25, 2011
SONEPUR fair is the
biggest annual cattle fair in which peasants from
It was in the Sonepur
fair 82 years back that a massive conference of peasants was
November 17, 1929. The Bihar Provincial Kisan Sabha was formed
here to fight
against the colonial and feudal atrocities and exploitation.
The historic event
was initiated by a rebel Sanyasi, Swami
Sahajanand Saraswati, who also became the founder
president of the
organisation which included the first line leadership of the
"A few senior
leaders of the peasant movement believed then that the
against imperialism would weaken if the movement against
landlords sharpens. As
opposed to this idea, Swami Sahajanand Saraswati and his
associates came to the
conclusion by 1934 that the feudal forces not only exploit the
also provide sustenance to the British imperialism. As a
result of this
understanding, peasant movement in
Later on, the All India
Kisan Sabha (AIKS) was formed during
The Bihar State Kisan Sabha decided to organise the 82nd anniversary of the Provincial Kisan Sabha on November 17, 2011, in the same Sonepur Fair to take lessons from the history, inspire its members, build powerful movements for solution of the problems facing the peasantry today, and give the movement a positive direction towards an agrarian revolution.
function, AIKS president and CPI(M) Polit
Bureau member S
Ramachandran Pillai reminded
the audience of the major peasant movements in Bihar, UP,
Bengal, Andhra, Kerala,
Madras, Gujarat, Maharashtra and other parts of India. Thus
the memory of Bakasht,
SRP said agriculture has been badly affected due to the neo-liberal policies imposed on our people by the centre and various state governments. Peasants are facing an extraordinary situation and suffering immensely. Food production has gone down, while prices of various agricultural inputs like seeds, diesel, fertilisers and pesticides are galloping due to black marketing and open market policies. Irrigation facilities are highly inadequate, peasants are not getting remunerative prices, speculative trading in agricultural produce has brought huge profits to investors but only starvation for the rural poor. Now finance capital is entering agriculture. Also, lakhs of acres of land have been occupied in the name of SEZs. Real estate companies are having a field day by selling the farmland and earning huge profits. The achievement of land reforms is being negated. Rural impoverishment is growing while the government is talking of "growth rate." The real incomes of peasantry and wages of workers and other working people are coming down. The AIKS strives to organise struggles on the above issues in various states from time to time.
The AIKS is organising
movements in various states on the basic issues and specific
demands, like the
struggles in Andhra Pradesh.
We have to build movements on various issues, viz, for
advanced technique in
agriculture, subsidies on inputs, establishment of purchase
centres, easy loan on low interest rates, crops insurance,
irrigation, apart from the basic issues of land reforms, bataidars' rights, housesites, minimum wage and
agricultural workers. We must fight for making cultivation a
proposition. Only then can agriculture become attractive. This
is possible only
through struggle. We must underline the specific issues on
local or regional
level and build movements. That is how the AIKS has become the biggest peasant organisation with
2 crore 25 lakh
member in 26 states in
The meeting was also addressed by AIKS joint secretary N K Shukla, Vijay Kant Thakur, Ganesh Shankar Vidyarthi, Krishna Kant Singh, Triveni Sharna Sudhakar and Awadhesh Kumar. AIKS state president Lalan Choudhary presided. Kedar Nath Singh, chairman of the reception committee, welcomed the participants and Arun Kumar, its secretary, proposed the vote of thanks. Artists from Chhapra District Sanskritik Morcha presented folk songs.
A special attraction of the function was that many veterans of the movement were honoured. Pillai honoured Ganesh Shankar Vidyarthi, Vijay Kant Thakur, K K Singh, Triveni Sharma Sudhakar, Ramdeo Verma, Sarangdhar Paswan, Raj Kaushal Mishra, Mangal Prasad Singh, Girdhari Ram and Mohan Yadav by presenting them shawls. Later on, Ganesh Shankar Vidyarthi honoured S R Pillai and N K Shukla by presenting them shawls.
AIKS state secretary Awadhesh Kumar urged for observance of 2012 as the Year of Kisan Struggles. He enumerated the issues on which Bihar Kisan Sabha needs to build movements. These are --- for implementation of the land reform measures recommended by the Bandhopadhyay commission, on social issues, for immediate relief and permanent solutions of floods and drought, for withdrawal of hike in fertiliser prices, for an increase in the support price for paddy, for establishment of more centres for the purchase of agricultural products, and for firm steps to curb price rise and corruption. Apart from these, specific local level issues would also be taken up.