(Weekly Organ of the Communist Party of India (Marxist)
November 06, 2011
October 24, 1911 the
Italian colonial authorities brutally subdued Libyan freedom
fighters led by
Mustapha ben Ahmad in
An injured Gaddafi, his son Muatassim and those with him were then left at the mercy of the rebel forces. Video footage has shown that Gaddafi and his son, had gunshot wounds shot at point blank range, on their heads. Both of them were captured before they were shot. 53 bodies of those fighting along with Gaddafi with tell tale signs of summary execution have been found in the city itself. Joanne Mariner, an American academic and human rights activist observed that according to the evidence at hand Gaddafi “was brutally killed in a display of revenge, hatred, domination, and fury and his body displayed for days as a trophy”.
expressing his indignation at the way in which Gaddafi was
killed said that
NATO had become the “most perfidious instrument of repression
the history of
humanity has ever known”. Fidel who on previous occasions had
for many of his ideological positions and compromises with the
expressed his admiration for the Libyan leader’s determined
overwhelming military odds. When the NATO war against
middle of October the
entire world knew that Sirte’s valiant resistance was about to
end. The hypocrisy
of humanitarian intervention was fully exposed when Sirte, a
showcase city, was
bombed into rubble in more than three weeks of relentless
attacks led by NATO.
The West had intervened in
END OF AN
clear since the
beginning of the massive NATO air and sea assault that the West
and leaders of
with the West had become very intimate in the last couple of
years. The Obama
administration had been supplying arms till the
of Gaddafi marks
the end of an important chapter in the contemporary history of
bloody events of
recent months have shown, Gaddafi’s real nemesis was the West
which had never
really forgotten or forgiven Gaddafi’s past actions. The Libyan
an open supporter of the Irish Republican Army (IRA) and the
when the two groups were waging a violent guerrilla war against
the British and
Spanish governments in the seventies and the eighties. The Saudi
openly accused Gaddafi of hatching a plot to murder him. The
military action by
disappearance of a senior Shia cleric from, Imam Moussa Ghadr,
during a visit
Libya’s alleged involvement in the 1988 Lockerbie plane crash led to the West imposing draconian sanctions on Libya. However it was the US invasion of Iraq in 2003 that seems to have unnerved Gaddafi. Washington had indicated that Libya too would meet the same fate. He thought he could avoid the fate of Saddam Hussein by making unilateral concessions to the West. Among the major concessions were the handing over of two suspects in Lockerbie case for trial, the dismantling of Libya’s WMD program and allowing many of the western oil companies to reinvest in Libya’s lucrative hydro-carbon sector.
The moves of the new government in Libya, presently consisting of different factions ranging from Islamists to secular parties, will be closely watched. Factionalism seems to have already become a serious problem with the various armed militias refusing to disarm even in the capital Tripoli. The various tribal groups that joined in the NATO led campaign all want a big slice of the oil revenue. There are predictions that Libya will go the way of Lebanon with more civil strife around the corner. Even as the UN Security Council voted unanimously to end the “no fly zone” with immediate effect on October 29, the TRC issued an appeal to NATO to extend its stay in the country. Libya’s interim leader, Mohammed Jibril urged his NATO benefactors to stay on at least until the end of 2011 to prevent Gaddafi loyalists from leaving the country. He may also need protection from the Islamists. A prominent Islamist leader from Benghazi, Ali Salabi, recently said that the TRC is filled with “radical secularists” trying to sideline the religious groups. He accused Jibril of planning to usher in “a new era of tyranny and dictatorship”.
The comparatively light skinned Berbers and other tribes from the north and east of the country have viewed their darker skinned compatriots as enemies. Many of them were killed on the mere suspicion that they were “mercenaries” from neighbouring sub-Saharan countries. Tens of thousand of workers from these countries who were mainly employed in low paying jobs have been forced to flee. Asian workers hurriedly left soon after the civil war erupted. The UN and groups like Amnesty International and Human Rights Watch did not find any merit in stories put out by the international media about mass rapes and other atrocities allegedly committed by troops loyal to Gaddafi. Instead these groups have accused the NTC of very serious human rights violations, especially during the inhumane siege of Sirte.
The AU has accused the NATO supported TNC of indiscriminate killing of Black Africans. The new government is expected to turn its back on Africa and enmesh itself with the West and its other proxies in the region. The government in Tripoli has been the first Arab government to recognise the Syrian opposition. UK, France and the US expect more contracts in the oil and defence sectors. Countries like China, Russia and India are waiting to see if the new government honours old oil contracts signed with the previous government. The civil war had virtually brought production to a halt. The rebel leaders who have parachuted to the seat of power have said on several occasions that the countries which made their victory possible, notably France and Britain, would be adequately rewarded.
Meanwhile, sophisticated armaments from Libyan arsenals have proliferated all over the region. Neighbouring governments have said that a significant amount of the weaponry has gone to al Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb (AQIM). Some of the Libyan weapons have reached up to the Gaza Strip. Libya itself has no army left now. The various militias, whose way to Tripoli was paved with NATO bombs, are now refusing to give up their new found power and influence. The Venezuelan leader, Hugo Chavez, said in a recent speech that the fighting in the North African nation is not yet finished “because Libyans are a people of dignity, and the Yankee Empire will not be able to dominate”.