(Weekly Organ of the Communist Party of India (Marxist)
August 29, 2010
Memorable Days of
the invitation of the All China Women’s Federation, six delegates from
organisations of women in
arrived of Puddang airport of Shanghai at 8.30 p m Chinese time (Indian
6.00 p m) on July 25 and we were received very warmly with smiling
faces by Shanghai
municipality vice chairperson, assistant secretary of international
department of All China women’s Federation, Lee Wang Ling, and another
interpreters Mong and Wang. It took us around one hour to reach from
the hotel by car.
the Women’s Federation’s schedule, we visited Pushan district on July
here we went to other parts of Pushan district to meet the Women’s
leadership. From discussions with Rang, its vice president, we got a
women’s development. We were eager to know everything from a country
had a people’s democratic revolution after two years of
got extremely warm welcome from Federation president Wang Jhee, vice
Jhu Jing Heun, and Tofo from the department of publicity. They said the
too have village level committees like us. In
We were informed that average wage of home based workers was 1,500 yuan.
We discussed the aims, objectives and activities of the organisation; it was a rich exchange of ideas and information. Later we went to visit a fruit garden, governed by women, spread over 116 hectares of land by Seniti river. Women employees of the garden received us affectionately. The government has donated land to this cooperative. On one side, chicks and ducklings are reared here. This garden meets the Pushan district’s demand of fruits.
we visited a garment enterprise producing garments with high
technology. Women were
working here silently, like a disciplined army. We had discussion with
had opportunity to visit Expo 2010 where 180 countries were
According to the plan, we made a round of the pavilions of
From the documents covering the years 1978 to 1983, we could make out that agriculture and rural development was the main priority of the Chinese government.
from rural development,
to increasing industrialisation, the area of townships has been
every year. But due to modern and scientific method of cultivation,
met the director general of the International Department of Women’s
protection of rights and interests, there were 3149 legal aid
The rate of child marriage has dropped. Marriage and family situation has improved with social advancement in all aspects. However, divorce rate has increased from about 1 per thousand in 2000-05 and to 1.59 per thousand in 2007.
Women’s income and social security is increasing. By 2006 end, their annual average income in urban areas amounted to 20,856 yuan, up 14.6 per cent over the previous year. The local government gives subsidy to the poor families and its fund has increased year after year.
The Women’s Federation regularly runs a social awareness campaign through its publications and media. The government has made gender equality a basic state policy.
Jhang Jing, member of the federation’s secretariat invited us for
lunch. She had
been a minister for information and culture. We exchanged opinion on
To our query about male preference, she replied that in rural areas,
in the desert areas, parents do prefer a male child because they feel
would be able to help the family at the time of cultivation. As for
affairs, there is regular competition for mother-in-laws to make their
happy, and the common people of the area cast their votes. The
objective is to
increase the family bond. In answer to another question, she said there
many organisations of women in
On the second half of the day, we visited Dong Ching district where we met Jhang, the CPC’s district working committee secretary. Our bus moved through narrow lanes in Hotong where lower middle class or tribal people live. There we enjoyed dance and music, both classical and modern. Even physically challenged people sang songs and performed dances. Elderly people also participated, and we also joined. There are twelve training centres in the district where aged artists are teach different handicrafts like the making of hats and sports shirts etc. There are also government aided shops where products are sold. Foreign delegates come to these centres again and again to get acquainted with the unique and big art collection of the area. We also saw a special employment fair for graduate youths, both male and female. Micro finance is common in rural areas. Young boys and girls are interested in learning English, both spoken and written.
We met Lee Ping, a professional worker of the community, who stayed in Scotland for one and a half years to learn English.
Dang Shang, in the north-east of middle Beijing, has a female population of 3,12,700. The district is buzzing with political and economic activities. Women Federation was established here in 1958. In different departments, people of the area are busy with development work for mothers and children. We had the opportunity to visit a super specialty hospital of seven floors, governed by women, in Jhana district. There is regular treatment in 22 departments. Poor patients including get proper treatment here, along with VIP patients.
Despite our busy schedule, we also saw the Great Wall of China. When we went to the Forbidden City, we felt the days three thousand years back when Chinese women used to wear iron covered shoes and when farmers faced undefined sorrows and pain.
China is no doubt getting affluent enough today; still it has not deviated from the basic principles of socialism. The socialist market economy takes the people along. In both public and private sectors, efficiency and productivity have increased. There is a spectacle of all round development in various spheres. By 2020, Shanghai may no longer have a petrol car. Smoke from motor cycles will not pollute the surroundings. China has invented a double-cycle vehicle that will not emit smoke. The slogan is --- more invention, more development.
Overall, the experience of our visit to China was truly unforgettable.