(Weekly Organ of the Communist Party of India (Marxist)
August 22, 2010
THE extended meeting of
Committee of the CPI(M) was held in
However, given the major
have occurred in the political situation since the last Congress in
it is necessary to formulate a political-tactical line to meet the
situation. Among the major changes that took place after the Coimbatore
Congress were the withdrawal of support to the UPA government in July
Lok Sabha elections which resulted in the return of the UPA for a
in government and the electoral reverses suffered by the CPI(M) and the
There is a severe attack on the Party in
The adoption of a political line to meet the present situation could not be delayed till the next Party Congress. The Central Committee decided to convene an extended meeting of the Central Committee as provided for in the Party Constitution. It was felt that to unify the entire Party it would be better to adopt the political-tactical line at an extended meeting which would involve the wider participation drawn from all the state committees. Altogether 352 delegates attended.
The Central Committee finalized a draft document which contained a Review Report on the implementation of the political-tactical line adopted at the 19th Congress and a Draft Political Resolution. This was presented before the extended meeting of the CC for discussion. After deliberations in which 45 comrades participated, the review report and the political resolution were adopted with some minor amendments.
The Political Resolution spells out the contours of the present economic, social and political situation in the country. The record of the one and a quarter year of the UPA-II government shows that it is intensifying its push for neo-liberal economic policies. More and more sectors are being opened up for greater FDI; there is an aggressive disinvestment drive in the public sector and push for privatisation in all spheres. The economic and fiscal policies of the government are designed to sustain the high levels of profit for big business.
These policies are adding to the burdens of the people. The relentless price rise of food items and essential commodities, the curtailment of the public distribution system, the acute problems faced by the farmers due to the agrarian crisis and the pushing out of more and more people into the informal sector where they have no jobs or income security are some of the adverse results of the policies being pursued.
The impact of the neo-liberal policies on the various classes have also been analysed in the resolution. The resolution provides the direction to the Party to mobilise and organise those classes and sections who are the worst victims of these policies -- the rural poor, the poor peasants, the agricultural labour, the urban poor and the working class particularly those vast sections who are in the unorganised and informal sectors.
Though the BJP suffered an
setback in the Lok Sabha polls, there has been no decline in the
activities of the communal outfits. In the BJP ruled states, minorities
continue to be targeted and attacked. States like Karnataka and Madhya
are following the
The foreign policy and
being pursued by the UPA government are a continuation of its efforts
previous term. Close strategic ties with the
The impact of the neo-liberal policies are not confined to the economic sphere alone but has invaded politics in a big way. The nexus between big business and politics and the flood of big money is corroding parliamentary democracy. More and more the bourgeois parties are making businessmen their elected representatives. Many are in the governments both in the states and at the central level. Crony capitalism and corruption is flourishing under the present dispensation. The Left and democratic forces have to wage a determined struggle against such perversion of democracy and the corruption affecting all levels of public life.
It is the consistent fight
put up by
the CPI(M) and the Left against the neo-liberal policies and the
alliance with the
The resolution has noted
The Maoists represent a degenerated Left adventurist trend. Their pseudo-revolutionary phrase mongering and their anarchist and disruptive violence should be exposed. The resolution has called for a sustained political and ideological battle against the Maoists and to expose their disruptive role which helps the ruling classes and the reactionary forces.
In a separate resolution,
meeting has spelt out the Party’s approach to the forthcoming assembly
In the present situation where the CPI(M) has suffered reverses and is facing an adverse situation, the main emphasis has to be on the independent role and activities of the Party. Through work in the political, ideological and organisational spheres, the Party has to exert its utmost to expand its influence and base. The political resolution underlines the fact that the strong bases of the Party cannot be defended unless the Party grows elsewhere. For this, the tactical line stressed on the need for the Party to conduct struggles of the people who have suffered under the impact of the neo-liberal policies in various ways. This requires taking up the local issues and conducting sustained struggles leading to achievement of some of the demands.
In the coming days, the Party should conduct more political campaigns to expose the policies of the ruling class parties. It should become more struggle-oriented and launch wider and sustained movements for land, fair wages, employment, PDS and food security and access to education and health care.
The Party should strengthen the unity of the Left parties and work to draw other Left-minded groups and elements into the joint platforms.
The CPI(M) will seek the cooperation of the non-Congress secular parties in parliament who can work together against the UPA government’s wrong policies. Outside parliament on people’s issues we shall make efforts to draw in those parties on commonly agreed issues for wider movements. A third alternative can emerge through a process of common struggles and evolving a common programme. Till then, in elections in the various states if required the Party may enter into electoral adjustments with those parties who are not with the Congress or the BJP.
To fight neo-liberal
policies and communalism, the Party will oppose the Congress and the
these parties are for tying up with the
As part of the independent activities, the Party will, take up social issues -- the fight of the dalits against untouchability and caste discrimination, the struggle of the adivasis against the brutal exploitation and the dispossession from their lands, the rights of the Muslim minorities for reservation in education and jobs and the issues of gender oppression.
The Review Report on the implementation of the previous political-tactical line focused on the (i) withdrawal of support to the UPA government in July 2008, (ii) review of the implementation of the electoral tactical line adopted for the Lok Sabha elections (iii) the issue of land acquisition and SEZs and (iv) consolidation of movements and struggles.
The review report adopted
meeting has reiterated that it was correct and necessary to withdraw
the UPA government when it decided to go ahead with the nuclear deal.
Subsequent developments have further vindicated the correctness of this
decision. However, the report self-critically concludes that it was
have allowed the UPA government to go to the IAEA on the safeguards
In the political resolution of the 19th Congress it was
that the government will not proceed further given the opposition of
parties. This was a mistaken assessment. The reason for this was an
underestimation of the capacity and determination of the Congress party
ruling classes to implement the nuclear deal and to forge an alliance
In the implementation of
electoral tactical line, the review asserted that it was necessary to
other non-Congress secular parties with the Left to fight against the
and the BJP. But the electoral understanding arrived at in some of the
could not be the basis for an effective all
The Party has opposed the
SEZs introduced by the central government. The Party is opposed to the
away of the lands of the farmers without their consent by corporates
government connivance. After the Nandigram episode in
After reviewing the movements and struggles by the working class and other sections of the people that have taken place in the two years since the 19th Congress, the review underlined that in most places we have failed to consolidate the struggles through developing mass organisations and the Party doing the political work necessary to build up the influence of the Party. Alongwith the struggles, the mass organisations should be built up and the Party’s work should follow to ensure consolidation of the influence.
The discussion on the document showed wide agreement on the tactical line to be pursued by the Party. The adoption of the political resolution by the extended meeting of the Central Committee has given a clear signal that the Party is unified and confident on pursuing the political-tactical line to meet the current challenges.
In the weeks prior to the
rally held at the conclusion of the extended meeting