(Weekly Organ of the Communist Party of India (Marxist)
April 25, 2010
140TH BIRTH ANNIVERSARY
Lenin: The Lodestar
22, 2010 marks the 140th anniversary of the birth of V I
revolutionary leader who creatively developed the scientific theory set
Marx and Engels. Lenin was the architect of the world’s first socialist
When we are commemorating the life and work of Lenin, we are not just paying homage to a great leader who led the world’s first socialist revolution. No other person after Marx and Engels has contributed to the development of Marxist theory as much as Lenin did. Lenin’s entire theoretical work constitutes the advancement of the concept of scientific socialism that equipped the working class movement to conduct the proletarian revolution.
Lenin took a giant step by analysing the nature of imperialism and capitalism in the 20th century. He characterised the development of monopoly capitalism as the highest stage which is imperialism. Lenin creatively developed Marx’s analysis of the capitalist system when it was the rising mode of production to the stage of imperialism. Any analysis of contemporary imperialism and world capitalism today has to have as its starting point the theory of imperialism formulated by Lenin. Without the Leninist methodology it is not possible to understand global finance capital and the finance-driven globalisation that it has spawned.
is this Leninist understanding of imperialism which led him to conclude
world capitalism will break at its weakest link from which the strategy
tactics in the socialist revolution in
The other important contribution of Lenin was to the understanding of the State and its class character which became the basis for all the Communist Parties in their struggle against capitalism and the ruling classes. Class struggle is not the struggle on economic issues alone but achieves its full scope when it challenges the State power of the exploiting ruling classes.
will forever be associated with the revolutionary theory of
he expounded. The building of the party of a new type which is equipped
the working class and other toiling sections is uniquely a Leninist
contribution. The principle of democratic centralism based on
strict discipline and criticism and self-criticism, provided the
with their own form of organisation as against the organisational
the bourgeois and social democratic parties. Subsequently, every party
made the revolution has found the Leninist form and method of party
organisation to be indispensable for developing the revolutionary
movement. The Leninist organisational
the strongest attacks of the non-communists and from those within the
fold. But Lenin firmly held that in the fight against the bourgeois
proletariat has only one weapon, that is, organisation. Our experience
building the Party in
survived as the leader of the
"The more backward the country, which, owing to the zigzags of history has proved to be the one to start the socialist revolution, the more is it difficult for that country to pass from its old capitalist relations to socialist relations".
it is futile to speculate how the
seven decades after Lenin’s death, the
Much of the claptrap about the end of history and the eternal verities of capitalism have ended abruptly. The two years of severe global recession have once again highlighted the volatility and predatory nature of capitalism. Out of the 7 billion people in the planet, half are poor and 1.2 billion people go hungry. Imperialism continues to wage wars and plunder the resources of the planet. If they continue to do so, the world environment and life itself will be destroyed.
Marxism is the only scientific outlook and method which can provide a coherent world view and guide to action to change the iniquitous order that prevails in the world today. Just as Lenin developed the theory and practice of Marx and Engels, today Marxist theory and practice has to be developed and extended from the base that Lenin created. Lenin himself had pointed out that Marxism is not a static theory. It needs to be enriched and developed further.
"We most certainly do not look upon the theory of Marx as something permanent and immutable; on the contrary we remain convinced that it has merely laid the foundation stone of the science which socialists must advance in all directions if they want to keep abreast of life".
In our quest to develop the theory and practice of Marxism further, Lenin will remain the lodestar for all our endeavours.