(Weekly Organ of the Communist Party of India (Marxist)
October 18, 2009
Whose Interests are Maoists Serving?
people were shot to death during a prize giving ceremony of a football
Mayurbhanj district of Orissa. A bus
carrying pilgrims to the Ajmer Sherif was shot at in Isri
in Jharkhand's Giridih district, seriously
injuring twelve passengers. Railway
tracks have been blown up in various
This is the track record of the first three days of this week of Maoist violence that is sparing not even innocent women and children. The murderous attacks in Medinapur district of West Bengal continue with the latest victim being a member of the Jharkhand party. As reported earlier, nearly 130 members and activists of the CPI(M) have lost their lives in such attacks in recent weeks. The CPI(M) continues to be targeted as it is in the forefront of the battle against such motivated violence and to protect the lives and properties of the innocent people. This is apart from the `ideological' reasons that are advanced to attack the CPI(M), to which we shall return later.
to the infatuated romantic description that Maoist influence is
because they espouse the cause of the most marginalised sections like
tribals, the truth is that control over administration of a territory
substantial pecuniary as well as political power. This is the driving
behind much of their violent activities.
This has been confirmed by the outpouring of information that the Maoist leader, Chatradhar Mahato has
provided following his arrest in Lalgarh,
also revealed that the Maoists received
complete support and protection from the Trinamool Congress. This assisted them in spreading
the reach of the `committee' to many
neighbouring villages. Local Trinamool
leaders would provide both shelter and
assistance for the Maoists to spread their activities.
Clearly, the Trinamool Congress both
patronised and provided the political cover for the Maoists to spread
activities and target the CPI(M) leaders
and the Left Front's support base for advancing its political and
fortunes. Mahato has also revealed that the so-called `intellectuals' mobilised
by the Trinamool Congress also provided huge amounts of monetary
sustaining their activities. The Maoist-Trinamool nexus has become so
integrated that one of the Maoist
leaders in an interview, in Ananda Bazar Patrika (October 4),
declared their desire to see Mamata Banerjee as the next chief minister
is, therefore, little wonder that the ministers
in the union cabinet belonging to the Trinamool Congress are
pressurising the union government to withdraw the central security
are currently in joint operations with the state security forces
Maoist activities. Apart from
legitimising the brutality of Maoist violence, the Trinamool Congress
negating the assessments of the prime minister and the union home
Maoist violence constitute the greatest threat
the Maoists represent the voice and champion the interests
of the downtrodden sections of the people
has, once again, been belied when their
call for a boycott of elections in Gadchiroli
failed to evoke the expected response.
The polling percentage here was much higher than that in the
commercial capital city of
The cause of the exploited and the marginalised forms the core agenda of the CPI(M) and the Left parties in our country. The elimination of such conditions of misery lies in the powerful mobilisation of the mass of the people in political actions that should eventually lead to the replacement of the Indian ruling classes and, hence, the reversal of the policies that are based on exploitation of man by man and the immiserisation of the vast masses of people. In the run up to such a powerful mass upsurge, popular protests and pressures will have to be mounted on the ruling classes at every stage to protect the livelihood of this vast mass of people. This means that all the neo-liberal economic policies, spearheaded by imperialist globalisation, that have been imposing unprecedented miseries on the people need to be opposed. During the course of this decade or so, in many battles that have occurred against the ruling class policies and imperialism, have the Maoists ever been seen, leave alone heard, to raise their voice on such vital matters?
Further, for the toiling people to succeed in their struggle against exploitation, it is of utmost necessity that their class unity is strengthened in such struggles. Communalism disrupts precisely such unity by exploiting the religious sentiments amongst the people. For the revolutionary advance of the Indian people it is necessary that the communal offensive must be weakened and defeated. Where do the Maoists stand in this battle? They are promoting a person to be the future chief minister of West Bengal who served as a cabinet minister in the Vajpayee government, remaining silent, thus implicitly supporting, the State-sponsored communal genocide in Gujarat. She is serving as a cabinet minister today in the Manmohan Singh government. Such is the opportunism of the Maoist `class assault' against the State.
Maoists are the result of a partial reuniting of the hopelessly
naxalite groups following their split with the CPI(M) in 1967.
formation of the Communist Party of India (ML) in 1969 by Charu
underwent various splits and re-splits for over three decades. Of these, the Maoist Communist Centre (MCC)
The Maoists split from the CPI(M) on the basis of their assessment of the character of the Indian ruling classes. According to them, the Indian ruling classes were `comprador', i.e., mere agents of imperialism not having any meaningful social and political base amongst the Indian people. Hence, all that was required was to arm the Indian people and launch a `people's war' to achieve revolutionary liberation. Thus, arose the naxalbari appraisal soon to be quelled by the State.
the experience of the last four decades, which vindicated the CPI(M)'s
understanding that the bourgeois-landlord Indian ruling classes had a
political and social base among the Indian people, the naxal/Maoist
continued with their earlier assessment.
The CPI(M), on the other hand, has been working to change the
correlation of class forces amongst the Indian people by using both
parliamentary and extra parliamentary methods in order to bring about a
revolutionary change. This, the Maoists
see, as the legitimisation of the parliamentary democracy in
Concrete analysis of concrete conditions is the living essence of dialetics, as Lenin said. If the conditions are not properly understood, then faulty analysis leads to a faulty political line. The task of mobilising the people and changing the correlation of class forces amongst the people, cannot be replaced by seeking the submission of the people through the terror of the gun. In the process, poor Mao Zedong, the legendary Communist who led the Chinese revolution to victory, through a powerful, then the mightiest in the world, people's movement is invoked to justify the very opposite of what he had practiced. Mao had taught all of us that no revolution can succeed unless Communists mingle with the people like fish takes to water. This can never happen through the terror of the gun.
In the final analysis, the praxis of the Maoists is benefitting those very reactionary forces like the Trinamool Congress and, in the absence of any opposition to either imperialism or communalism, they only ensure the continuance of the edifice of class exploitation. Since 1967 when they parted company with the CPI(M), we have been urging them to abjure the politics of violence and terror, and to return to the democratic mainstream and mobilise the people for a revolutionary change. After all, it was Mao who said, �Let a hundred flowers bloom, let a thousand thoughts contend�.
October 14, 2009