(Weekly Organ of the Communist Party of India
Sixtieth Anniversary of People's Republic of China
October 1, 1949, sixty years ago, the formation of the People's
Republic of China
was proclaimed. Mao Zedong making that
historic announcement said: �The Chinese people have stood up�. The reverberations of this historic event
have been unfolding in the past six decades.
Chinese revolution was an epoch-making event.
at that time was the biggest country in the world with a population of
million. This Asian giant, which till
the 18th century was the world's largest economy, had been
servitude of the Western powers and Japan from the 19th
century. After the first world war, Britain, France,
USA and Japan
aligned to feudal warlords
had carved out enclaves of power on its territory.
groaned under feudal and
semi-colonial bondage. The Chinese
Communist Party (CPC) founded in 1921 became the harbinger of the
opposed to feudalism and colonialism.
The fight for the emancipation of
the Chinese people went through three decades of arduous struggle
feudal warlords and the colonial powers.
The CPC acquired the leadership of the national resistance
Japanese occupation displacing the corrupt, rightwing
The final act of the Chinese
revolution was played out in the civil war between the People's
Liberation Army and the Kuomintang army after the Japanese surrendered.
Chinese revolution coming three decades after the Russian revolution
profound impact on the world. It set in
train events which are still unfolding. China today is the second largest
economy in the
world after the USA,
in terms of purchasing power parity. It is the
third largest economy if its GDP is measured in terms of
exchange rate. China
is expected to surpass the US as the
biggest economy in the world in the next 25 years.
This indicates the tremendous progress made
by China which was
time of liberation, more backward than India in industry and other
foundations for this remarkable development were laid by the programme
CPC which abolished landlordism by undertaking radical land reforms; laid the
basis for heavy industry and took steps to provide basic education,
social benefits for the people. The
Chinese path of democratic revolution � emancipating the peasantry and
the economy by self-reliant methods � held
enormous appeal for the third world countries, most of whom were
emerging as independent countries from colonialism.
Those who glibly talk of capitalism providing
the motive force for China's
current development, ignore the foundations on which such development
based. China has built upon the
reforms, the State-sponsored industrialisation and the public-funded
educational system and social sector to
initiate reforms. The role of the
reformed state sector and collective enterprises alongwith the growing
sector underpin the dynamic growth witnessed in China.
six decades of the history of new China was not one smooth
progress. There were wrong turns and
upheavals such as the cultural revolution and earlier the mistakes of
Leap Forward. The CPC was able to
recognise the mistakes and wrong outlook and take steps to correct them. The rapid progress made in the last two
decades have thrown up new problems. The
17th Congress of the CPC noted the problem of growing
income-wise, region-wise and between urban and rural areas. Steps were suggested to tackle them.
CPC acknowledges that building socialism
in a backward country is bound to be a protracted affair.
development is taking place in an international environment which
drastically in the late nineteen eighties with the dismantling of the Soviet Union and the setbacks to the socialist
system. There will be many more
political, ideological and material steps to be taken before a higher
socialism can be achieved.
crucial position occupied by China
in the world economy became evident during the global financial crisis
erupted last year. China
a $ 585 billion fiscal stimulus for its economy. This
has proved effective in boosting economic
growth. In 2009, when the global
economic growth is
expected to be minus 3 per cent, China is expected to record
least 7.7 per cent growth.
rising economic power of the two Asian giants � China
� is presented as a source of
conflict between the two. In
strategic terms, China
is sought to be pitted against India.
Those dominating the world economic order
would like nothing better than a relationship of rivalry and conflict
between China and India.
has been a revival of the bogey of the threat from China
among sections of the
corporate media and strategic experts. A
series of hostile maneouvres by China
have been cited. In the recent
period, there has been
a deliberate campaign mounted through the
corporate media about growing incursions by Chinese troops on the
border. A report appeared of firing by the security forces across the border with
injuries sustained by two ITBP
guards. All such reports were either
baseless or highly exaggerated. The
spokesmen for the Government of India
and the Army Chief have refuted these reports and denied the purported
Both the Chinese and Indian governments have stated that there are no
growing on the border.
rightwing circles in the country have
been prompt to pick up the theme of a threat from China.
RSS chief has highlighted the alleged threat from China
in his annual vijayadashami
speech. All this is being orchestrated
to demand greater defence preparedness against China
with the unstated requirement being deeper strategic and military ties
is active lobbying to buy arms from America.
As a recent Washington Post article
pointed out: �Almost every weekend, there are cocktails and closed-door
presentations in the suites of New Delhi's five-star hotels, hosted by
admirals and generals from the US armed forces who now work for defense
such as Raytheon and Northrop Grumman.� (US Eyes Bigger Slice of Indian
Pie, September 26) The top ranking
commanders of the US
forces who regularly visit India,
unfailingly point to the military threat posed by China.
recent efforts to create complications in India-China relations must be
this context. Within India, the lobbies that want the
alliance with the United
States to be cemented are precisely
who seek to thwart the potential of India-China cooperation.
to normalise relations and develop ties between the two countries have
steadily progressing since Rajiv Gandhi's visit to China
in 1988. Since then, successive
governments in India
have taken steps to improve relations with China and to have a
settlement of the outstanding border dispute.
Cooperation between India and China is in the interests
countries and has a natural basis. This
is seen most dramatically in the manner in which trade between India and China has developed. In 2008, the volume of trade reached $ 52
billion. The target of $ 40 billion set for 2010 was reached and
2008 itself. This growth is all the more
significant considering the various irritants in the relations between
two major developing countries, India
have found it necessary to cooperate on major questions like the WTO
negotiations and climate change. Both
countries articulate the interests of
the developing countries as a whole.
The BRIC (Brazil,
forum whose summit meeting was held recently
and the India-China-Russia tripartite consultations are important
keeping in mind the increasing loss of American dominance in the
economic order and the developing trends towards multipolarity.
and China strengthening their bilateral relations and working together
international forums for restructuring of the international economic
advancing the interests of the developing countries and
working for regional cooperation, peace and
security will be a major factor in
countering imperialist domination and the various provocations
for aggression and wars.
60th anniversary of the Chinese revolution
is happening at a time when the People's
Republic of China
is poised to make fresh advances and to play a key role in world
affairs in the
21st century. The Chinese
people can take pride at their
accomplishments and look forward to the future with