(Weekly Organ of the Communist Party of India
Steps towards Being
the two months of the
second edition of the UPA government, the signs are clear -- the
alliance with the United
States will be widened and deepened.
has been confirmed by the outcome of the visit of US
secretary of state, Hillary Clinton, to India.
crux of this
strategic alliance is military collaboration. Four years are complete
ten-year Defence Cooperation Agreement with the United States.
In June 2005, the
UPA government had entered into an agreement titled New Framework
for the US
India Defence Relationship. The United
accords priority to the defence collaboration which is the key to
Indo-US nuclear deal
was a quid pro quo for this defence agreement. This was
on the eve of the Clinton
visit by the US
of state, Philip J Crowley who stated that the End Use Monitoring is
of the fulfillment of an important initiative that India
and the US
have signed in the area of nuclear cooperation". The End Use Monitoring
Agreement was the key issue for the US
side during the Clinton
visit. It marks an important step in the plans of the United States to sell large scale
equipment to India.
government has always been shy of spelling out the implications of the
framework agreement. The then Defence minister, Pranab Mukherjee, had
parliament that "The framework contains only enabling provisions. It
not contain any commitments or obligations." What was not spelt out was
that a series of agreements would flow out of this framework agreement.
Pentagon was more forthcoming about the scope of the military
March 2006 during the Bush visit to India, the Pentagon had
statement explaining the benefits of the new relationship. It stated:
will serve key objectives of our strategic partnership by helping to
among our defence establishments and industries and to develop
among our armed forces. Defence technology cooperation will contribute
strengthened military capabilities and will also result in economic
through expanded trade."
2006, the Maritime
Security Cooperation Agreement to have joint operations between the two
was arrived at. Next to follow was the Logistics Support Agreement.
have facilitated the use of Indian ports and air bases by US armed
refuelling, maintenance, servicing, communications etc. This agreement
not go forward due to the strong opposition put up by the Left when it
supporting the government.
BJP-led government's tenure, a "General Security and Military
Agreement" (GSOMIA) was signed between the two countries. This
was a prerequisite for closer military ties and transfer of military
and equipment to India.
The agreement provides for confidentiality for supplies from the United States.
had been insisting on such an agreement from the time of the Narasimha
insists on End Use Monitoring Arrangements (EUMA) for supplying
military equipment. It has such arrangements with all its NATO and
allies. The intrusive inspections will enable the United States
to monitor not only
the equipment it supplies but also collect data on related Indian
its technological capabilities. The United
will not allow modification of its equipment nor permit India
indigenously make spare parts for such equipment. The end use condition
also mean India
will not be
able to use the defence equipment in any manner other than what the United States
minister S M
Krishna was wrong in stating in parliament that such agreements have
signed with other countries. Russia and earlier the Soviet Union,
been the biggest supplier of weaponry to India has not ever asked
end use agreement. Neither have the French or the other countries. The
government is already in the process of buying US
defence equipment. Since the
framework agreement, India
has bought naval reconnaissance planes, military transport planes and
USS Trenton. The intrusive terms of the End Use agreement for the Trenton include
condition that it cannot be used for offensive operations.
EUMA will pave the
way for largescale buying of US weapons which is one of the main
wanting this defence relationship. Along with the 50 and odd joint
between the two armed forces already conducted, this will be the key
ensuring "interoperability" between the two armed forces. The United States
wants to ensure that there is compatibility between the equipment and
used by the two armed forces which is essential for joint operations.
Framework Agreement, the growing coordination between the two armed
evident. The US Pacific Command Chief visits India
every six months. India
under the Pacific Command jurisdiction. The collaboration is
through the Defence Policy Group which meets every year and by the
sub-groups set up.
next stage in the
implementation of the framework agreement will require the signing of
Communications Interoperability and Security Memorandum of Agreement
and the Logistics Support Agreement. This would signify the graduation
of India as a full
fledged military ally of the United States.
Indo-US nuclear deal
is also part of this unequal alliance. The decision by the G8 countries
the transfer of Enrichment and Reprocessing (ENR) technologies to
which have not signed the NPT is going to affect India.
The stand taken by Finance minister,
Pranab Mukherjee, that this decision has no relevance for India
as it has
got a clean exemption from the Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG) will not
NSG is currently engaged in formulating the guidelines on transfer of
technology. India while getting the
from the NSG had committed to accepting all the guidelines of the NSG.
G8 decision is translated into an NSG guideline, India
will be shut out of accessing
by the Manmohan Singh government that it has got full civilian nuclear
cooperation which includes access to technology for the full fuel cycle
about to be exposed. For those in the know, this is not a surprise. The
Act had specifically prohibited transfer of such technology to India.
agreement also states that the United States will have to
make a new law for
providing such technology. When the NSG puts in place its new
the government's claim that it can access such technology from other
will also be negated.
relationship to the United
States which has been established by
Congress-led government has wide repercussions. During the BJP-led
had signed on to the US
enterprise called the "Community of Democracies". India
part of the convening group of the Community of Democracies. The then Clinton
promoted this forum with the ideological plank that free markets and
go together. The founding ministerial conference was held in Warsaw, Poland
in June 2000. The COD is backed by the US
government's National Endowment for Democracy (NED) which has funded a
of "democracy movements" and "colour revolutions" in Serbia, Ukraine,
host of other places. In a little noticed event, the 5th ministerial
of the COD in Lisbon
on July 11 and 12 was attended by Shashi Tharoor, minister of state for
External Affairs. The Congress-led government has climbed on to the US
free markets and democracy bandwagon.
visit of Commerce minister,
Anand Sharma to Washington in June
the Indian commitment to get the Doha
round of negotiations of the WTO revived. It is widely feared that India
from its firm stand on issues like agriculture and Nama (non
statement during the NAM
summit at Sharm-el-Sheikh has caused a lot of controversy. The issue is
need for dialogue with Pakistan,
but the suspicion that the UPA government takes positions which are a
"advice" from Washington.
What is required is an independent approach both to Pakistan
alliance is influencing not only our foreign policy but all other
our domestic policy making. The joint statement of the Clinton visit
promises more such
interventions in the economic and political spheres.
prime minister and
the UPA government seem to have drawn the wrong lessons from the Lok
verdict. It does not give them the licence to compromise national
and to convert India