(Weekly Organ of the Communist Party of India (Marxist)
July 26, 200
EVEN a month after the decisive victory of Mahmoud Ahmadenijad in the Iranian presidential polls, his opponents are refusing to concede defeat. The two defeated candidates, Mir Housein Mousavi and Mehdi Kharoubbi have refused to acknowledge the victory of Mahmoud Ahmadenijad in the June elections. Without producing any convincing evidence, they continue to insist that the elections were rigged. The third defeated candidate, Mohsen Rezaei, had accepted the results in the last week of June. Though both Mousavi and Kharroubi have been urging their supporters to keep on protesting, the response from the street, since late June, has been lukewarm. But they have not completely given up.
The two leading personalities
who have come out openly
in their support, the former presidents, Hashemi Rafsanjani and Ahmad
have both been continuing with their criticism of the June elections.
in the third week of July demanded that a referendum be held so that
Iranian people can give their opinion about the legitimacy of the newly
government. Rafsanjani while addressing students at
Rafsanjani chairs the
influential Assembly of Experts
which theoretically has the right to remove the Veleyat-I Faqih, the
leader ---Ayatollah Ali Khamenei. Interestingly, during the Friday
by Rafsanjani, those supporting the government shouted “Death to
Most observers of the Iranian
scene have concluded
that after the dramatic events of June, the clerical establishment that
Rafsanjani had played a key role in the appointment of Ayatollah Khamenei as the supreme leader following the death of Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomenei. Ahmadenijad had angered Rafsanjani during the run-up to the elections when he accused him of propping up his rivals in the presidential elections. Ahmadenijad also publicly accused Rafsanjani’s family of amassing unaccounted wealth. When Ahmadenijad won his first presidential elections five years ago, there were dark murmurs about vote rigging even then. At that time, Ahmadenijad was relatively unknown but had come from behind to win the presidency, defeating among others, the venerable Rafsanjani.
But as the prominent Egyptian
Heikal pointed out in a television interview, all the candidates in the
election were “children of the revolution”. Heikal said that he had no
about the victory of president Ahmadenijad. He went on to say that the
political system in
But the West, which has
relentlessly caricaturised the
Iranian president, had started fantasising about regime change in
However, after Obama’s statement
Iranian government’s handling of the post-election protests and his
Mousavi, relations which had thawed slightly have once again frozen
President Ahmadenijad asked for an apology from the American president
remarks over the conduct of the elections. The Iranians have other
be angry with
Iranians have noticed that
president Obama has not
bothered to condemn the recent killing of hundreds of native Indians in
According to the investigative
Hersh, the previous Bush administration had sought $400 million dollars
destabilise the clerical establishment. George W Bush had escalated
From the outset, it was only the
western media pundits
who were predicting a victory for the “reformist” candidate, Mousavi.
no doubt that he swept the polls in Northern Teheran and other affluent
in various Iranian cities. But the majority of Iranians, who continue
poor, obviously preferred to renew their trust in the incumbent
supporters credit him with reviving the basic values of the Islamic
the most important of them being caring for the poor. The high price of
during most of his first term in office helped his administration to
funds into hitherto neglected areas of
Every week he visited remote
rural outposts to have a
first hand look into the problems faced by the poor peasantry.
along with his ministers has visited each one of
Most of the pre-election opinion polls conducted since March showed that Ahmadenijad was a clear frontrunner. The only poll conducted by a western agency, on behalf of the BBC and the NBC, predicted a 89 per cent turnout for the election. The poll conducted by the independent Center of Public Opinion (CPO), which is backed by the Rockefeller Foundation, a few weeks before the elections revealed that Ahmadenijad had a nationwide advantage of two to one against his closest rival, Mousavi.
In the actual elections, the turnout was 85 per cent, with Ahmadenijad getting 66.2 per cent of the votes and Mousavi — 33.8 per cent. The western media had mainly covered the big rallies addressed by Mousavi in Teheran and other cities. Ahmadenijad had criss-crossed the country addressing hundreds of equally well attended rallies. In the 2005 presidential elections too, Ahmadenijad had got almost the same percentage of votes. His rival, Rafsanjani, had got 35 per cent of the votes.
Though the election process is
not open to registered
parties and is rigorously vetted by the clerical establishment, the
Republic has a proud record of holding elections on schedule. Despite
subjected to war, terrorism and economic blockade,
The political chief of
The Venezuelan president Hugo Chavez, who has experienced the machinations of the West first hand, said that Ahmadenijad had won the elections fair and square and condemned those “trying to stain Ahmadenijad’s triumph and through that weaken the government and the Islamic revolution”.