(Weekly Organ of the Communist Party of India (Marxist)
June 28, 2009
CENTRAL COMMITTEE COMMUNIQUE
The Central Committee of the Communist Party of India (Marxist) met at New Delhi on June 20 and 21, following which the party’s general secretary, Prakash Karat, announced the committee’s decision in a press conference organised in A K Bhavan on June 22 afternoon. He said the Central Committee, after having reviewed the election results in depth, reached the conclusion that while the line of formation of a Third Alternative was correct, its extension to the idea of an alternative government was “unrealistic.” As the area of operation of the Third Alternative parties was confined to only four state in addition to the three Left-led states, and as there was no common policy platform, the formation failed to emerge as a sustainable and credible alternative at the national level.
Replying to the mediapersons’ query about accepting responsibility for this hitherto biggest electoral setback to the party, Karat said the electoral line was decided by the Central Committee. He accepted the responsibility for implementation of the line decided by the Central Committee as he is the general secretary of the party, and for the line itself as he is a member of the Central Committee.
In reply to another question, the CPI(M) general secretary clarified that virtually there was unanimity in the whole party and not just in the Central Committee on withdrawal of support to the UPA government on the issue of the nuclear deal. There is, however, be an opinion that support could have been withdrawn before June 2008; and discussion on such opinions may go on. Karat also clarified that the next congress of the party may ponder over all questions regarding the implementation of the political line.
At the press
conference, the general secretary issued
a list of 53 CPI(M) workers and supporters in
The Central Committee communiqué issued on the occasion follows.
The Central Committee conducted a comprehensive review of the results of the Lok Sabha election. It also made an in-depth study of the Party's performance.
Among the factors responsible for the success of the Congress is that it could utilise the people's concern for a stable secular government at the centre. The rejection by the people of the BJP's divisive brand of communal politics and Hindutva benefited the Congress.
The support that the Left parties had extended to the UPA for four years also contributed to providing legitimacy and credibility to the Congress-led government. The UPA government had pursued neo-liberal policies which have heightened inequalities and failed to tackle the agrarian crisis, price rise and unemployment. Despite this, some of the measures taken such as the NREGA, farmers loan waiver scheme, the Forest Tribal Rights Act and the increased minimum support price for foodgrains and other crops helped to mitigate some of the effects of these policies and had a positive impact. Some of these steps were adopted due to the Left's pressure.
The spate of terrorist violence culminating in the Mumbai terrorist attack in November 2008 heightened the people's concern for unity and the popular mood was against the BJP's communal platform which sought to divide the people.
The Congress also benefited from the consolidated support it received from the big business of the country who registered enormous gains during the five year rule of the UPA.
DEFEAT OF BJP
The BJP's defeat is significant because it has failed for the second successive time to win the elections. The main reason for this failure is because the people have rejected its communal platform which was highlighted by the virulent hate speeches of Varun Gandhi and similar propaganda by less prominent figures. The image of a hardcore Hindutva party was heightened by the projection of Narendra Modi as the future leader of the party. The record of the BJP as the opposition party which mainly concentrated on disrupting parliament and not taking up the main issues affecting the people such as the agrarian crisis, price rise and unemployment led to loss of support for the party.
The Central Committee noted that the emergence of the non-Congress, non-BJP combination which included the Left parties contributed to the defeat of the BJP which was unable to get any worthwhile allies in states like Andhra Pradesh, Tamilnadu and Orissa.
WITHDRAWAL OF SUPPORT TO UPA GOVT
The Central Committee was of the
firm opinion that the
withdrawal of the support to the UPA government on the nuclear deal in
2008 was correct. This was consistent with the Left's stand against
a strategic alliance with the
NON-CONGRESS, NON-BJP ALTERNATIVE
The Central Committee of the
CPI(M) had called for the
formation of a non-Congress, non-BJP alternative as against the
alliance and the BJP-led alliance. This was a correct tactic. These
in the electoral understanding forged by some regional and Left parties
Andhra Pradesh, Tamilnadu, Orissa and Karnataka. However, such an
understanding could not be extended beyond these four states and the
Left-led states of
Critically reviewing these efforts, the Central Committee felt that it should not have extended the call for building such an alternative to the formation of an alternative government. In the absence of a countrywide alliance and no common policy platform being presented, the call for an alternative government was unrealistic.
The Central Committee reiterated that it will continue to strive to build the third alternative. Till then, whenever required the Party will forge electoral understanding and alliances with like-minded non-Congress secular parties.
The Party has suffered serious
reverses in the Lok
Sabha elections. It has won only 16 seats. Nine seats in
REVIEW OF PARTY'S PERFORMANCE
The Central Committee conducted an in-depth review of the performance of the Party based on the review reports received from the states.
The Party has registered a good victory in Tripura winning both the seats with the Left Front polling 61.69 per cent of the votes.
Apart from the all
At the organisational level certain wrong trends and practices have adversely affected relations with the people. The Central Committee endorsed the steps proposed by the state committee to take corrective measures at the organisational and governmental level.
In Kerala, the factors responsible for the poor performance were also analysed. The disunity in the LDF and the Party leadership had an adverse impact on the people; the churches played an active role in mobilising Christian votes against the LDF; the association with the PDP caused confusion among the people. The UDF and media campaign on the SNC
Lavalin case also had its impact. Certain wrong trends within the Party organisation have also had a negative impact.
The Polit Bureau decided to have a meeting of the Polit Bureau on July 4 and 5, 2009 to discuss specifically the organisational matters in Kerala.
The Central Committee reviewed the overall performance of the Party in the rest of the country. It noted the organisational weaknesses in expanding the independent work of the Party, conducting sustained struggles on local issues and the building of the mass organisations. It directed the state units to implement the tasks arising out of the reviews conducted in the states regarding these matters.
The Central Committee expressed
confidence that the
entire Party would draw lessons from this electoral setback. It will
the shortcomings in carrying out the political line of the Party and
to rectify the weaknesses in the organisation. The Central Committee
that immediate steps would be taken in states like
RELATIONS WITH PARTIES
The Party will work to strengthen Left unity and maintain relations and cooperation with secular opposition parties on people's issues, for pro-people economic policies and in defence of secularism and an independent foreign policy.
ON THE UPA GOVT
The Central Committee reiterated the stand already outlined by the Left parties that they will play the role of a Left opposition in parliament. The central government should take immediate steps to provide relief to the millions who have lost jobs due to the adverse impact of the global economic crisis. Measures should be taken to see that because of the crisis, common people are not burdened further. Though the rate of inflation is shown to be negative, the prices of essential commodities continue to be high. The government must take steps to curb price rise.
The government has to take steps to devolve adequate resources and funds to the state governments who have to primarily bear the responsibility for tackling the effects of the economic slow down and pursue developmental and welfare measures.
The CPI(M) will vigorously oppose all such measures in parliament and outside which seek to push through legislations for increasing foreign capital in the banking and insurance sector and financial sector liberalisation. The Party will continue to oppose disinvestment of the profit making public sector units, FDI in retail and higher education and such sectors which are not beneficial for the country. It will press for the adoption of the women's reservation bill.
PROTEST ATTACKS IN
The Central Committee has issued
an appeal to all its
Party units and other Left and democratic forces to protest against the
widespread attacks on Party workers, offices and supporters in