People's Democracy(Weekly Organ of the Communist Party of India (Marxist)
March 12, 2006
Independent Foreign Policy Compromised
Polit Bureau of the Communist Party of India (Marxist) issued the following
statement on March 6, 2006.
Bush visit has resulted in the UPA government going ahead with the “strategic
partnership” with the United States which was forged during the Prime
Minister’s visit to Washington in July 2005. The joint statement issued after
the talks between the two sides builds upon the joint statement of July 18,
CPI(M) considers the overall direction of the joint statement as a further step
away from an independent foreign policy and the erosion of India’s strategic
autonomy which is vital to our national interests.
The joint statement contains agreements in the sphere of economic ties,
political and ideological commitments, agreements on agricultural research,
strategic military ties and nuclear cooperation. While the main attention has
been focused on the nuclear cooperation agreement, it will be wrong to see this
in isolation from the overall architecture of the emerging strategic alliance.
The sum total of the Bush visit has been to draw India closer into the strategic
plans of the United States in Asia.
joint statement welcomes the report of the Indo-US CEO Forum and US-India Trade
Policy Forum which contain the blueprint for opening up of sectors of the
economy including defence for US capital and its corporations. President Bush
echoed these demands in his Purana Qila speech for opening up all sectors to FDI.
Acceptance of this blueprint would entail loss of economic sovereignty and
adverse consequences for domestic industry and agriculture.
Knowledge Initiative on Agriculture will facilitate US multinationals like
Monsanto to decide the Indian agriculture research agenda and shift the
focus from public domain science to the private sector.
the July 2005 decision to support the United States in its hypocritical talk
of spreading democracy, India has agreed to join the “International Center
for Democratic Transition” which is nothing but a US-sponsored platform to
advance its hegemonic aims using the signboard of democracy. In this
connection, the CPI(M) denounces Bush’s call for regime change in
countries like Cuba, Iran, Syria and Zimbabwe in his Purana Qila speech.
This is how the “democracy project” which India has joined will be
large-scale strategic defence collaboration signalled by the Indo-US defence
agreement signed in June 2005 is taken forward with the Maritime Cooperation
Framework and the Logistic Support Agreement to be finalized. This will
further tie up the Indian armed forces with the US armed forces. The Bush
visit also presages what has already been decided but not announced. That
India will purchase billions of dollars worth of US fighter planes and other
CPI(M) had maintained that the nuclear cooperation proposals contained in the
July 2005 statement must be addressed in a manner which protects the independent
development of our nuclear technology for peaceful purposes. The CPI(M) had
stated at that time “It is important that India carefully calibrate its steps
strictly in response to measures taken by the US, the nuclear suppliers group
and the IAEA.” The reciprocal steps to be taken by both sides have to be kept
CPI(M) will spell out its stand on the nuclear cooperation agreement after the
Prime Minister sets out the details of the agreement in parliament. At this
stage what should be of concern is not just the specifics of the civilian
nuclear cooperation but the unacceptable price that India will have to pay in
terms of its independent foreign policy and strategic autonomy. The United
States has already extracted a price by making the UPA government reverse its
stand on the Iran nuclear issue. More such demands will emanate from the
strategic tie-up with the United States.
implications of the strategic partnership with the United States are unfolding
in the manner in which the government has accommodated the US concerns on Iran,
endorsed the spreading of its version of democracy, re-interpreted the energy
policy by placing undue reliance on nuclear energy for our energy security and
most dangerously tying up India as a military ally of the United States.
CPI(M) considers this approach contrary to the NCMP perspective on foreign
policy and our security interests. The CPI(M) will work assiduously to see that
this course is reversed as it is harmful for the country and the people’s