People's Democracy(Weekly Organ of the Communist Party of India (Marxist)
May 30, 2004
Election Results: Meaning Of The Verdict
rulers are known to have at least one thing in common Ė their utter disdain
for the people. The BJP leaders and Indian National Lok Dal (INLD) chief Om
Prakash Chautala are no exceptions to this. The peopleís conduct, which caused
comprehensive defeat of both these partiesí candidates in the recent
elections, was, according to the chief minister, ďwhimsicalĒ. Not only this,
he further warns that they will pay the price for such conduct. He is reacting
almost like a king in a Brechtís play who threatens to replace the people
themselves if they donít learn to behave.
anguish is very much understandable as his party not only drew blank in all the
10 Lok Sabha seats but has also made some inglorious distinctions at the
electoral hustings. Even the BJP does not lag behind in this respect. Both these
parties had together won all the ten Lok Sabha seats in 1999 with a whopping 58
per cent votes thanks to Kargil hype. They had shared five seats each. This time
the people elected Congress nominees in nine out of ten seats. Only the Sonepat
seat was retained by the BJP sitting MP Kishan Singh Sangwan. In fact, the BJP
should be grateful to Chautala because it was his typical style of making
certain individuals as special targets for teaching a lesson which helped
Sangwan win this seat. The Congress too deserves to be blamed because it put up
one of the most unpopular candidate here.
electoral verdict given by the electorate in Haryana
be as simple or complex as in any other state depending upon how and by whom it
is read. But before at is analysed even for already certain relevant meaning one
can have a glance at some general points.
remained at over 65% fair by better despite farmers of agricultural workers
still busy in collecting their harvest and students being busy in their
examinations. Party --men the Congress got 42%, INLD 22%, BJP 17%, Haryana Vikas
Party (HVP) of Bancilal 6.2% and BSP 5% out of total 90 assembly segments the
ruling INLD was able to get an increase in merely 9 the BJP in only 5, HVP in 4
which in remaining 72 assembly segments it is the Congress to establish clear
lead over the rest. This is being seen as an indication in the run up to the
next assembly elections scheduled to February 2005.
are some interesting observations however, in the assembly segment level
projections. All the 5 assembly segments leads of the BJP fall under the Sonipat
Lok Sabha seat which they have been able to retain only by defeat. BJP has lost
in all the 6 segments they happen to represent in the present house. Moreover,
they have never won any single seat out of these five in which the BJP has now
taken a lead.
four of the total nine assembly segments in which INLD of Chautala has led are
part of the mew at region falling under Faridabad parliament constituency where
the INLD candidate was himself a Meo.
the factional feud written Congress was at its worst. Almost all Congress MLAs
and other senior functionaries were openly working according to their factional
loyalties, a fact endorsed ion the performance of the Congress candidates at the
level of assembly segments.
Bansi Lalís HVP took the lead in four segments, all part of Bhiwani
constituency where Bansi Lalís son Surendra Singh was defeated at the hands of
Bhajan Lalís son Kuldeep which Chautalaís son Ajay lost this seat of trailed
third in the race. This contest was seen as a battle royal by the media.
with its 5% vote share could not come we direct contest anywhere was able to
garner more than four lakh votes ranging from 17000 to 71000 spread over the 10
Lok Sabha seats despite fierce accentuation of the organisational mess witnessed
through repeated desertions of top leaders of BSPís state unit to other
parties like INLD or Congress.
notable element in this election was entry of a new political outfit name of
Ekta Shakti Party (ESP) launched with big fanfare a year ago by Virendra Verma
who is sone of a former minister, Shiv Ram Verma of the then Jan Sangh.
Curiously enough he consolidated initially a particular farming caste known as
Road by tracing its origin from the Marathas and is seeking to provide a new
identity to this caste by way of arousing Maratha pride. He simultaneously added
a bizarre dimension to the political scenario by alleging discriminatory
treatment to Northen region of the state meted out by all the three Lalís
incidentally the three Lals L.e. Devi Lal, Bhajan Lal & Bansi Lal who have
been dominating the helm since the creation of Haryana had come from western
part of the state known as Bagri belt. This phenomenon needs separate study.
ESP nominated three candidates on northern region constituencies of Ambala,
Karnal & Kurukshetra and they secured 13022, 82430 and 31202 votes
one can draw more relevant and meaningful inferences from the electoral verdict
a fact should be noted the single most factor predominating the situation was
widespread deep-rooted anger against Chautala regime, which overshadowed all
other factors. Resentment had been accumulated in all sections of the people due
to the blind & ruthless way the policies of privatisation &
liberalisation leading to unemployment and retrenchments on the one hand which
criminalisation, lawlessness and general insecurity among women, minorities
& dalits on the there. Brutal suppression of farmers protests killing many
in police firing and framing of cases under sedition on their leaders apart from
senseless dealing of the universities, colleges of other democratic
& above what constituted to the total rout at the hasting was infact the
complete centralisation of power from top to bottom in the hands of Chautala and
his sons. Duleena, Kandela or Hansaula like infamous episodes were not mere
chance occurrences rather the consequence of weak of hapless offended by the
powerful cast & communal build of actively abetted of patronised by the
politically pliable bureaucracy.
component of anti incumbency was so strong that even the BJP, itself the
perpetrator of six years of ruinous record at the centre. Sought to cash on its.
BJP could succeeded in securing 17% of the total votes and one seat is only for
its consequent break up of the alliance with INLD in a typical opportunistic way
as its had broken away the alliance with Bansi Lal in 1999 leading to eventual
fall of his government.
extent of punishment inflicted on Chautala can be understood by taking note of
only few salient highlights. INLD could take lead in only nine of the 90
assembly segments. Chautalaís both sons Ajay & Abhey Chautala are
defeated. Unsuccessful INLD nominees from Sirsa seat lost even from the Dabwali
segment under which Chautala village also falls. On of this loyalists major
general Bhim Singh Suhag
who became infamous as vice chancellor of M D university for making as
his candidate from Rohtak seat.
left no Ė any excuse or doubt when it got an opportunity to five those who
deserved the rejected of Punished. Significant in this context other than the
abuse may be the total rejection of the appeal of two Meo Congress stalwarts in
favour of BJP candidate from Faridabad, Khusheed Ahamd & Tayyab Hassain both
Congress leaders and arch rivals joined hands to support BJP after being denied
nomination. The message is clear that no one can take the people for granted
the ruling INLD securing 22% vote is again a fact confirming to the role of
caste factor. Congress party despite its huge success would be doing self
deception if it construed it as a victory for its policies. Its leaders have
never fought on policy matters, have been very callous and indifferent to the
plight of the dalits, women minorities, employees or agricultural labourer.
Apart from each of will or coviction they have hardly found any time from their
internecine factional feuds. They have mainly been thriving on the negative
plunk. It is, therefore , for the people at large who wanted to get red of
Chautala & BJP that the Congress stood to benefit in the absence of other
although had not put up its candidates this time but it took active part in the
campaign for the defeat of BJP and those parties who were still rejoining all
options open to support BJP government at the centre in the post election
situation. The party circulated published material dazing the meetings it
independently organised in its areas of influence.
Mass organisations too issued published appeals and took out Jathas &
other activities. Chautala regime could not succeed in suppressing the organised
movement the way he did to the spontaneous ones and therefore, employed
organisations & trade unions continued to oppose anti-people policies. It
were these organisations along with those of Kisans, agricultural workers women
students, youth etc, who have been exposing the policies of NDA government.
ordinary success of 23 February All Indiaís strike in Haryana went a long way
in leaving a positive impact to galvanise the people for defeating the communal
bankrup opportunist corrupt and authoritarian forces.
Chautalaís government seems to have leanest hardly any lesson. The CM has
almost run amuck in blame of threat campaign targeting certain communities,
certain officers, employees and even his own party functionaries for teaching a
lesson. 4 t0 5 thousand forest department workers have been given retrarchment
notices even after the election results. A greater vigilance is therefore,
necessary for democratic & secular forces to continue their fight against
disastrous policies of see that BJP is prevented from using anger against the
state government towards its revival.