People's Democracy(Weekly Organ of the Communist Party of India (Marxist)
June 24, 2001
Nazis and Bush Family History
THIS article on Nazis in the Republican Party was originally published in Online Journal on January 28, 2000. However, the following includes additional information regarding George H W Bushs father, Prescott, and his maternal grandfather, George Herbert (Bert) Walker, and the fact that the US government investigated their financing of Adolf Hitler.
One book referenced here, Christopher Simpsons "Blowback," was praised by journalist Seymour Hersh as "the ultimate book about the worst kind of cold war thinking."
Nora Levin, Director, Holocaust Archive, Gratz College, said "The full story of this countrys shameful, cynical collaboration with Nazi criminals has not been told until now with the publication of Simpsons book." Congresswoman Elizabeth Holtzman said, "Blowback" is a must read for anyone who wants to understand postwar policy on Nazi war criminals and the cold war."
In another Simpson book, "The Splendid Blonde Beast," the author wrote about George H W Bushs father, Prescott, and his maternal grandfather, George Herbert Walker. Both Bert Walker and Prescott Bush were powerful financial supporters of Adolf Hitler.
Walker was president of Union Banking Corporation, a firm that traded with Germany and helped German industrialists consolidate Hitlers political power. Simpson says Union Banking became a Nazi money-laundering machine.
Walker helped take over North American operations of Hamburg-Amerika Line, a shipping line and cover for IG Farbens Nazi espionage unit in the US Hamburg-Amerika smuggled in German agents, and brought in money for bribing American politicians to support Hitler. A 1934 congressional investigation showed Hamburg-Amerika subsidized Nazi propaganda efforts in the US.
George H W Bushs father, Prescott, was a board member of Union Banking and a senior partner in a Union Banking affiliatethe investment firm Brown Brothers, Harriman.
The US government investigated both Bert Walker and Prescott Bush, and under the Trading with the Enemy Act seized all shares of Union Banking, including shares held by Prescott Bush. The government held that "huge sections of Prescott Bushs empire had been operated on behalf of Nazi Germany and had greatly assisted the German war effort."
Investigative reporter Christopher Simpson says in "Blowback" that after World War II, Nazi émigrés were given CIA subsidies to build a far-right-wing power base in the US. These Nazis assumed prominent positions in the Republican Partys "ethnic outreach committees." Simpson documents the fact that these Nazis did not come to America as individuals but as part of organized groups with fascist political agendas. The Nazi agenda did not die along with Adolf Hitler. It moved to America (or a part of it did) and joined the far right of the Republican Party.
Simpson shows how the State Department and the CIA put high-ranking Nazis on the intelligence payroll "for their expertise in propaganda and psychological warfare," among other purposes. The most important Nazi employed by the US was Reinhard Gehlen, Hitlers most senior eastern front military intelligence officer. After Germanys defeat became certain, Gehlen offered the US certain concessions in exchange for his own protection.
Gehlen promoted hyped up cold war propaganda on behalf of the political right in this country, and helped shape US perceptions of the cold war. Journalist Russ Bellant ("Old Nazis, the New Right, and the Republican Party") shows that Laszlo Pasztor, a convicted Nazi war collaborator, built the Republican émigré network. Pasztor, who served as adviser to Republican Paul Weyrich, belonged to the Hungarian Arrow Cross, a group that helped liquidate Hungarys Jews. Pasztor was founding chairman of the Republican Heritage Groups Council.
Two months before the November 1988 presidential election, a small newspaper, Washington Jewish Week, disclosed that a coalition for the Bush campaign included a number of outspoken Nazis and anti-Semites. The article prompted six leaders of Bushs coalition to resign.
According to Russ Bellant, Nazi collaborators involved in the Republican Party included:
(1) Radi Slavoff, GOP Heritage Councils executive director, and head of "Bulgarians for Bush." Slavoff was a member of a Bulgarian fascist group, and he put together an event in Washington honouring Holocaust denier, Austin App.
(2) Florian Galdau, director of GOP outreach efforts among Romanians, and head of "Romanians for Bush." Galdau was once an Iron Guard recruiter, and he defended convicted Nazi war criminal Valerian Trifa.
(3) Nicholas Nazarenko, leader of a Cossack GOP ethnic unit. Nazarenko was an ex-Waffen SS officer.
(4) Method Balco, GOP activist. Balco organized yearly memorials for a Nazi puppet regime.
(5) Walter Melianovich, head of the GOPs Byelorussian unit. Melianovich worked closely with many Nazi groups.
(6) Bohdan Fedorak, leader of "Ukranians for Bush." Fedorak headed a Nazi group involved in anti-Jewish wartime pogroms.
The Philadelphia Inquirer ran an article on the Bush teams inclusion of Nazis (David Lee Preston, "Fired Bush backer one of several with possible Nazi links," September 10, 1988.) The newspaper also ran an investigative series on Nazi members of the Bush coalition. The articles confirmed that the Bush team included members listed by Russ Bellant.
Journalist Martin A Lee, has written for The Nation, Rolling Stone, The San Francisco Chronicle, and other publications. In "The Beast Reawakens," Lee confirms that during both the Reagan and Bush years, the Republican Partys ethnic outreach arm recruited members from the Nazi émigré network.
Lee says that the Republican Partys ethnic outreach division had an outspoken hatred of President Jimmy Carters Office of Special Investigations (OSI), an organization dedicated to tracking down and prosecuting Nazi war collaborators who entered this country illegally. Former Republican Pat Buchanan attacked Carters OSI after it deported a few suspected Nazi war criminals.
According to Lee, public relations man Harold Keith Thompson was principal US point man for the postwar Nazi support network known as die Spinne, or the Spider. In the late 40s and early 50s, Thompson worked as the chief North American representative for the remaining National Socialist German Workers Party and the SS. Lee writes that the wealthy Thompson gave generously to Republican candidates Senator Jesse Helms and would-be senator Oliver North. Thompsons money gained him membership in the GOPs Presidential Legion of Merit. Lee says Thompson also "received numerous thank-you letters from the Republican National Committee." Those letters are now in the Hoover Institution Special Collections Library.
Christopher Simpson writes in "Blowback" that in 1983, Ronald Reagan presented a Medal of Freedom, the countrys highest civilian honour, to CIA émigré programme consultant James Burnham. Burnham was a psychological warfare consultant who promoted something called "liberationism." Just before the 1952 election, the CIA worked up a multimillion-dollar public relations campaign aimed at selling Americans on expanding cold war activities in Europe. Part of the guiding theory (given the name "liberationism") was the idea that certain Nazi leaders from World War II should be brought in as "freedom fighters" against the USSR.
Reagan said that Burnhams ideas on liberation "profoundly affected the way America views itself and the world," adding, "I owe [Burnham] a personal debt, because throughout the years of traveling on the mashed-potato circuit I have quoted [him] widely." Reagan may not have known Burnhams theories were based on his work on projects that enlisted many Nazi collaborators, but it seems that Reagans CIA Director Casey or former CIA Director, Vice President George Bush, would have informed him.
At a May 9, 1984 press conference, Simon Wiesenthal said, "Nazi criminals were the principal beneficiaries of the Cold War." The cold war mentality, hyped by Reinhard Gehlen and other Nazis, became the shelter for tens of thousands of Nazi criminals. Helping the far right in this country to promote cold war hysteria became the Nazi war criminals "reason for being." As Christopher Simpson says, the cold war became those criminals means "to avoid responsibility for the murders they had committed."
Journalist Seymour Hersh says Christopher Simpsons "Blowback" is "the ultimate book about the worst kind of cold war thinking, in which some of our most respected statesmen made shameful decisions that they mistakenly believed to be justified." To this day, says Simpson, the US intelligence agencies hide the scope of their post-World War II collaboration with Nazi criminals.
Are Republicans like George H W Bush, Oliver North, and Jesse Helms aware they have been assisted by Nazi collaborators?
Bush once worked for the CIA and should have known about the nature of the Nazis in his 88 campaign. No doubt he knows the history of Nazi/CIA collaboration.
Whether or not Bush knew of the fascists involvement in his campaign, the Republican Party should have done a far better screening job. One thing is certain: The intelligence agencies know the scope and extent of Nazi involvement with the political right in this country. It is a shame they keep it hidden from the majority of the American people.